<i>Bacillus thuringiensis</i> Cry1A toxins divert progenitor cells toward enteroendocrine fate by decreasing cell adhesion with intestinal stem cells - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
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Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A toxins divert progenitor cells toward enteroendocrine fate by decreasing cell adhesion with intestinal stem cells

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Abstract

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Btk) is a strong pathogen toward lepidopteran larvae thanks to specific Cry toxins causing leaky gut phenotypes. Hence, Btk and its toxins are used worldwide as microbial insecticide and in genetically modified crops, respectively, to fight crop pests. However, Btk belongs to the B. cereus group, some strains of which are well known human opportunistic pathogens. Therefore, ingestion of Btk along with food may threaten organisms not susceptible to Btk infection. Here we show that Cry1A toxins induce enterocyte death and intestinal stem cell (ISC) proliferation in the midgut of Drosophila melanogaster, an organism nonsusceptible to Btk. Surprisingly, a high proportion of the ISC daughter cells differentiate into enteroendocrine cells instead of their initial enterocyte destiny. We show that Cry1A toxins weaken the Cadherin-dependent adherens junction between the ISC and its immediate daughter progenitor, leading the latter to adopt an enteroendocrine fate. Hence, though not lethal to nonsusceptible organisms, Cry toxins can interfere with conserved cell adhesion mechanisms, thereby disrupting intestinal homeostasis and enteroendocrine functions.
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hal-03822210 , version 1 (20-10-2022)

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Rouba Jneid, Rihab Loudhaief, Nathalie Zucchini-Pascal, Marie-Paule Nawrot-Esposito, Arnaud Fichant, et al.. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A toxins divert progenitor cells toward enteroendocrine fate by decreasing cell adhesion with intestinal stem cells. 2022. ⟨hal-03822210⟩
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