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Characterization and electrical modeling of polycrystalline silicon vertical thin film transistors

Abstract : Thin film transistors (TFTs) with lateral channels are limited in current density due to the design rule. For many applications with improved integration, the introduction of vertical channels reduces channel lengths while increasing current density per unit surface area. In previous works, vertical TFTs have been designed and manufactured using low-temperature polycrystalline silicon technology (T ≤ 600 °C), with a solid phase crystallization (SPC) based process. In this case, the introduction of an insulating layer between source and drain films has resulted in a significant improvement in the electrical characteristics, mainly in the On/Off state current (Ion/Ioff) ratio. However, the active layer is deposited on the sidewalls obtained by plasma etching, and the etching process results in morphological defects on the sidewalls that adversely affect the electrical characteristics. The purpose of this paper is to understand the origin and effects of these defects using different models. Thus, the transfer characteristics are analyzed in detail, with Suzuki method to calculate the density of states, while subthreshold slope method and Grünewald method are adopted to verify the Suzuki method for the deep and shallow trap densities, respectively. These methods provide an approach for DOS calculation independent of temperature-related measurement.
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P Zhang, Emmanuel Jacques, Régis Rogel, Laurent Pichon, Olivier Bonnaud. Characterization and electrical modeling of polycrystalline silicon vertical thin film transistors. Solid-State Electronics, Elsevier, 2020, 171, pp.107798. ⟨10.1016/j.sse.2020.107798⟩. ⟨hal-02891811⟩

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