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A nuclear pore sub-complex restricts the propagation of Ty retrotransposons by limiting their transcription

Abstract : Beyond their canonical function in nucleocytoplasmic exchanges, nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) regulate the expression of protein-coding genes. Here, we have implemented transcriptomic and molecular methods to specifically address the impact of the NPC on retroelements, which are present in multiple copies in genomes. We report a novel function for the Nup84 complex, a core NPC building block, in specifically restricting the transcription of LTR-retrotransposons in yeast. Nup84 complex-dependent repression impacts both Copia and Gypsy Ty LTR-retrotransposons, all over the S. cerevisiae genome. Mechanistically, the Nup84 complex restricts the transcription of Ty1, the most active yeast retrotransposon, through the tethering of the SUMO-deconjugating enzyme Ulp1 to NPCs. Strikingly, the modest accumulation of Ty1 RNAs caused by Nup84 complex loss-of-function is sufficient to trigger an important increase of Ty1 cDNA levels, resulting in massive Ty1 retrotransposition. Altogether, our study expands our understanding of the complex interactions between retrotransposons and the NPC, and highlights the importance for the cells to keep retrotransposons under tight transcriptional control.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03435973
Contributor : Benoit Palancade Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 19, 2021 - 9:27:39 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 3:10:01 AM

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Amandine Bonnet, Carole Chaput, Noé Palmic, Benoit Palancade, Pascale Lesage. A nuclear pore sub-complex restricts the propagation of Ty retrotransposons by limiting their transcription. PLoS Genetics, Public Library of Science, 2021, 17 (11), pp.e1009889. ⟨10.1371/journal.pgen.1009889⟩. ⟨hal-03435973⟩

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