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Circulating miRNA repertoire as a biomarker of metabolic and reproductive states in rainbow trout

Abstract : Abstract Background Circulating miRNAs (c-miRNAs) are found in most, if not all, biological fluids and are becoming well-established non-invasive biomarkers of many human pathologies. However, their features in non-pathological contexts and whether their expression profiles reflect normal life history events have received little attention, especially in non-mammalian species. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of c-miRNAs to serve as biomarkers of reproductive and metabolic states in fish. Results The blood plasma was sampled throughout the reproductive cycle of female rainbow trout subjected to two different feeding regimes that triggered contrasting metabolic states. In addition, ovarian fluid was sampled at ovulation, and all samples were subjected to small RNA-seq analysis, leading to the establishment of a comprehensive miRNA repertoire (i.e., miRNAome) and enabling subsequent comparative analyses to a panel of RNA-seq libraries from a wide variety of tissues and organs. We showed that biological fluid miRNAomes are complex and encompass a high proportion of the overall rainbow trout miRNAome. While sharing a high proportion of common miRNAs, the blood plasma and ovarian fluid miRNAomes exhibited strong fluid-specific signatures. We further revealed that the blood plasma miRNAome significantly changed depending on metabolic and reproductive states. We subsequently identified three evolutionarily conserved muscle-specific miRNAs or myomiRs (miR-1-1/2-3p, miR-133a-1/2-3p, and miR-206-3p) that accumulated in the blood plasma in response to high feeding rates, making these myomiRs strong candidate biomarkers of active myogenesis. We also identified miR-202-5p as a candidate biomarker for reproductive success that could be used to predict ovulation and/or egg quality. Conclusions Together, these promising results reveal the high potential of c-miRNAs, including evolutionarily conserved myomiRs, as physiologically relevant biomarker candidates and pave the way for the use of c-miRNAs for non-invasive phenotyping in various fish species.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03436712
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Submitted on : Friday, November 19, 2021 - 2:48:15 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 12, 2022 - 1:57:52 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Emilie Cardona, Cervin Guyomar, Thomas Desvignes, Jérôme Montfort, Samia Guendouz, et al.. Circulating miRNA repertoire as a biomarker of metabolic and reproductive states in rainbow trout. BMC Biology, BioMed Central, 2021, 19 (1), ⟨10.1186/s12915-021-01163-5⟩. ⟨hal-03436712⟩

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