F. Aimon-marié, F. Angevin, and L. Guichard, Une méthode agronomique pour apprécier les risques de pollution diffuse par les nitrates d'origine agricole, Chambre d'Agriculture de Charente Maritime, p.29, 2001.

M. Andreoli, R. Rossi, and V. Tellarini, Farm sustainability assessment: some procedural issues, Landscape Urban Plan, pp.41-50, 1999.

F. Ardente, M. Beccali, and M. Cellura, F.A.L.C.A.D.E.: a fuzzy software for the energy and environmental balances of products, Ecological Modelling, vol.176, issue.3-4, pp.359-379, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.11.014

C. Arondel and P. Girardin, Sorting cropping systems on the basis of their impact on groundwater quality, European Journal of Operational Research, vol.127, issue.3, pp.476-482, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0377-2217(99)00437-3

P. Aurousseau, Agrégation des paramètres et bases mathématiques de combinatoire de facteurs de risque, Estimation des risques environnementaux des pesticides, INRA Editions, pp.58-74, 2004.

C. Basset-mens, H. M. Van-der-werf, P. Durand, and P. Leterme, Implications of Uncertainty and Variability in the Life Cycle Assessment of Pig Production Systems(7 pp), The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol.11, issue.5, pp.298-304, 2006.
DOI : 10.1065/lca2005.08.219

C. Bockstaller and P. Girardin, IN " , an indicator to assess nitrogen losses in cropping systems, 11th Nitrogen Workshop, pp.419-420, 2001.

C. Bockstaller and P. Girardin, How to validate environmental indicators, Agricultural Systems, vol.76, issue.2, pp.639-653, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0308-521X(02)00053-7

C. Bockstaller, P. Girardin, and H. G. Van-der-werf, Use of agro-ecological indicators for the evaluation of farming systems, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.7, issue.1-3, pp.261-270, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(97)00041-5

H. Bossel, Indicators for sustainable development: Theory, method, applications. IISD International Institute of Sustainable Development, p.125, 1999.

D. Braband, U. Geier, and U. Kopke, Bio-resource evaluation within agri-environmental assessment tools in different European countries, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.98, issue.1-3, pp.423-434, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(03)00101-4

F. Brentrup, J. Kusters, H. Kuhlmann, and J. Lammel, Environmental impact assessment of agricultural production systems using the life cycle assessment methodology, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.20, issue.3, pp.247-264, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(03)00024-8

C. D. Brown, A. Hart, K. A. Lewis, and I. G. Dubus, p-EMA (I): simulating the environmental fate of pesticides for a farm-level risk assessment system, Agronomie, vol.23, issue.1, pp.67-74, 2003.
DOI : 10.1051/agro:2002074

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00885971

V. Carignan and M. A. Villard, Selecting indicator species to monitor ecological integrity: A review, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol.78, issue.1, pp.45-61, 2002.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1016136723584

B. Clergué, B. Amiaud, F. Pervanchon, F. Lasserre-joulin, and S. Plantureux, Biodiversity: function and assessment in agricultural areas. A review, Agronomy for Sustainable Development, vol.25, issue.1, pp.1-15, 2005.
DOI : 10.1051/agro:2004049

V. A. Cloquell-ballester, V. A. Cloquell-ballester, R. Monterde-diaz, and M. C. Santamarina-siurana, Indicators validation for the improvement of environmental and social impact quantitative assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, vol.26, issue.1, pp.79-105, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.eiar.2005.06.002

J. R. Crabtree and F. M. Brouwer, Discussion and conclusions., Environmental indicators and agricultural policy, CAB International, pp.279-285, 1999.
DOI : 10.1079/9780851992891.0279

B. Delbaere and A. N. Serradilla, Environmental risks from agriculture in Europe: Locating environmental risk zones in Europe using agri-environmental indicators, EC NC-European Centre for Nature Conservation, p.184, 2004.

J. Devillers, R. Farret, P. Girardin, J. Rivière, and G. Soulas, Indicateurs pour évaluer les risques liés à l'utilisation des pesticides, 2005.

J. M. Douguet, M. O-'connor, and P. Girardin, Validation socioéconomique des Indicateurs Agro-écologiques. C3ED, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, p.73, 1999.

P. Durand, C. Gascuel-odoux, and M. O. Cordier, Parametrisation of hydrological models: a review and lesson learned from studies on an agricultural catchment, pp.217-228, 2002.

H. Eckert, G. Breitschuh, and D. Sauerbeck, Criteria and standards for sustainable agriculture, Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, vol.163, issue.4, pp.337-351, 2000.
DOI : 10.1002/1522-2624(200008)163:4<337::AID-JPLN337>3.0.CO;2-3

M. Enea and G. Salemi, Fuzzy approach to the environmental impact evaluation, Ecological Modelling, vol.136, issue.2-3, pp.131-147, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-3800(00)00380-X

K. Flemström, R. Carlson, and M. Erixon, Relationships between Life Cycle Assessment and Risk Assessment ? Potentials and Obstacles, p.82, 2004.

B. Freyer, Y. Reisner, and D. Zuberbuhler, Potential impact model to assess agricultural pressure to landscape ecological functions, Ecological Modelling, vol.130, issue.1-3, pp.121-129, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-3800(00)00208-8

J. D. Garcet, A. Ordonez, J. Roosen, and M. Vanclooster, Metamodelling: Theory, concepts and application to nitrate leaching modelling, Ecological Modelling, vol.193, issue.3-4, pp.629-644, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.08.045

P. Girardin, C. Bockstaller, and H. M. Van-der-werf, Indicators: Tools to Evaluate the Environmental Impacts of Farming Systems, Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, vol.3, issue.4, pp.5-21, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-011-3246-6_8

G. Goodlass, N. Halberg, and G. Verschuur, Input output accounting systems in the European community???an appraisal of their usefulness in raising awareness of environmental problems, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.20, issue.1-2, pp.17-24, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(03)00068-6

R. Gras, M. Benoit, J. P. Deffontaines, M. Duru, M. Lafarge et al., Le fait technique en agronomie, Activité agricole, concepts et méthodes d'étude, 1989.

H. Gudmundsson, The policy use of environmental indicators ? learning from evaluaiton research, J. Transdisciplinary Environ. Studies, vol.2, pp.1-11, 2003.

J. W. Hansen, Is agricultural sustainability a useful concept?, Agricultural Systems, vol.50, issue.2, pp.117-143, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0308-521X(95)00011-S

K. Hayashi, Multicriteria aid for agricultural decisions using preference relations: methodology and application, Agricultural Systems, vol.58, issue.4, pp.483-503, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0308-521X(98)00063-8

E. G. Hertwich, W. S. Pease, and C. P. Koshland, Evaluating the environmental impact of products and production processes: a comparison of six methods, Science of The Total Environment, vol.196, issue.1, pp.13-29, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05344-2

N. Jollands, How to aggregate sustainable development indicators: a proposed framework and its application, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, vol.5, issue.1, pp.18-34, 2006.
DOI : 10.1504/IJARGE.2006.008163

L. Levitan, ???How to??? and ???why???:, Crop Protection, vol.19, issue.8-10, pp.629-636, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0261-2194(00)00083-1

S. López-ridaura, H. Van-keulen, M. K. Van-ittersum, and P. A. Leffelaar, Multiscale Methodological Framework to Derive Criteria and Indicators for Sustainability Evaluation of Peasant Natural Resource Management Systems, Environment, Development and Sustainability, vol.5, issue.2, pp.51-69, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/s10668-003-6976-x

D. Makowski, M. Taverne, J. Bolomier, and M. Ducarne, Comparison of risk indicators for sclerotinia control in oilseed rape, Crop Protection, vol.24, issue.6, pp.527-531, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cropro.2004.10.003

J. Maud, G. Edwardsjones, and F. Quin, Comparative evaluation of pesticide risk indices for policy development and assessment in the United Kingdom, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.86, issue.1, pp.59-73, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(00)00258-9

B. Maurizi and J. Verrel, Des indicateurs pour des actions de maîtrise des pollutions d'origine agricole, Ingénieries, vol.30, pp.3-14, 2002.

A. Merkle and M. Kaupenjohann, Derivation of ecosystemic effect indicators ??? method, Ecological Modelling, vol.130, issue.1-3, pp.39-46, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-3800(00)00213-1

M. Mertens and B. U. Huwe, FuN-Balance: a fuzzy balance approach for the calculation of nitrate leaching with incorporation of data imprecision, Geoderma, vol.109, issue.3-4, pp.269-287, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7061(02)00179-9

A. Meyer-aurich, Economic and environmental analysis of sustainable farming practices ??? a Bavarian case study, Agricultural Systems, vol.86, issue.2, pp.190-206, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agsy.2004.09.007

G. Mitchell, A. May, M. Donald, and A. , PICABUE: a methodological framework for the development of indicators of sustainable development, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, vol.38, issue.2, pp.104-123, 1995.
DOI : 10.2307/1310258

M. Nardo, M. Saisana, A. Saltelli, and S. Tarantola, Tools for composite indicators building, Joint Research Center, European Commission, p.134, 2005.

O. Oenema, H. Kros, and W. De-vries, Approaches and uncertainties in nutrient budgets: implications for nutrient management and environmental policies, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.20, issue.1-2, pp.3-16, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(03)00067-4

O. Oenema, L. Van-liere, and O. Schoumans, Effects of lowering nitrogen and phosphorus surpluses in agriculture on the quality of groundwater and surface water in the Netherlands, Journal of Hydrology, vol.304, issue.1-4, pp.289-301, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2004.07.044

S. Payraudeau and H. M. Van-der-werf, Environmental impact assessment for a farming region: a review of methods, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.107, issue.1, pp.1-19, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agee.2004.12.012

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01460798

F. Pervanchon, C. Bockstaller, P. Y. Bernard, J. Peigné, B. Amiaud et al., A novel indicator of environmental risks due to nitrogen management on grasslands, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.105, issue.1-2, pp.1-16, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agee.2004.06.001

Y. A. Phillis and L. A. Andriantiatsaholiniaina, Sustainability, Ecol. Econ, vol.37, pp.435-456, 2001.
DOI : 10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch683

T. Prato, A fuzzy logic approach for evaluating ecosystem sustainability, Ecological Modelling, vol.187, issue.2-3, pp.361-368, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.01.035

S. Primot, M. Valantin-morison, and D. Makowski, Predicting the risk of weed infestation in winter oilseed rape crops, Weed Research, vol.83, issue.1, pp.22-33, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01877054

T. Purtauf, C. Thies, K. Ekschmitt, V. Wolters, and J. Dauber, Scaling properties of multivariate landscape structure, Ecological Indicators, vol.5, issue.4, pp.295-304, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolind.2005.03.016

J. Reus, P. Leenderste, C. Bockstaller, I. Fomsgaard, V. Gutsche et al., Comparison and evaluation of eight pesticide environmental risk indicators developed in Europe and recommendations for future use, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.90, issue.2, pp.177-187, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00197-9

D. Rigby, P. Woodhouse, T. Young, and M. Burton, Constructing a farm level indicator of sustainable agricultural practice, Ecological Economics, vol.39, issue.3, pp.463-478, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0921-8009(01)00245-2

J. Riley, The indicator explosion: local needs and international challenges, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.87, issue.2, pp.119-120, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00271-7

J. Riley, Indicator quality for assessment of impact of multidisciplinary systems, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.87, issue.2, pp.121-128, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00272-9

J. Riley, Multidisciplinary indicators of impact and change, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.87, issue.2, pp.245-259, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00282-1

E. Romstad, Theorical considerations in the development of environmental indicators, Environmental indicators and agricultural policy, pp.13-23, 1999.

J. Rosnoblet, P. Girardin, E. Weinzaepflen, and C. Bockstaller, Analysis of 15 years of agriculture sustainability evaluation methods, 9th ESA Congress, pp.707-708, 2006.

M. L. Rousseau, . Equif, and S. Ic, L'évaluation de MERLIN, une méthode utilisée en Poitou-Charentes constituée d'indicateurs agro-environnementaux, p.75, 2003.

W. Sadok, F. Angevin, J. Bergez, C. Bockstaller, B. Colomb et al., Ex ante assessment of the sustainability of alternative cropping systems: guidelines for identifying relevant multi-criteria decision aid methods, Agron. Sustain. Dev, 2007.

Y. Shan, D. Paull, and R. I. Mckay, Machine learning of poorly predictable ecological data, Ecological Modelling, vol.195, issue.1-2, pp.129-138, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.11.015

W. Silvert, Fuzzy indices of environmental conditions, Ecological Modelling, vol.130, issue.1-3, pp.111-119, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-3800(00)00204-0

R. Skeffington, Quantifying Uncertainty in Critical Loads: (A) Literature Review, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol.236, issue.1-4, pp.3-24, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s11270-006-0382-6

A. Stein, J. Riley, and N. Halberg, Issues of scale for environmental indicators, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.87, issue.2, pp.215-232, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00280-8

J. Swets, Measuring the accuracy of diagnostic systems, Science, vol.240, issue.4857, pp.1285-1293, 1988.
DOI : 10.1126/science.3287615

H. F. Ten-berge, S. L. Burgers, E. J. Schröder, and E. J. Hofstad, Partial balance'-regression models for N min A review of potential indicators for nitrate loss from cropping and farming systems in the Netherlands, Plant Research International B.V, pp.25-60, 2002.

N. Van-cauwenbergh, K. Biala, C. Bielders, V. Brouckaert, L. Franchois et al., SAFE???A hierarchical framework for assessing the sustainability of agricultural systems, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.120, issue.2-4, pp.229-242, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agee.2006.09.006

H. G. Van-der-werf and J. Petit, Evaluation of the environmental impact of agriculture at the farm level: a comparison and analysis of 12 indicator-based methods, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.93, issue.1-3, pp.131-145, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00354-1

H. M. Van-der-werf and C. Zimmer, An indicator of pesticide environmental impact based on a fuzzy expert system, Chemosphere, vol.36, issue.10, pp.2225-2249, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0045-6535(97)10194-1

S. Von-wirén-lehr, Sustainability in agriculture ??? an evaluation of principal goal-oriented concepts to close the gap between theory and practice, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.84, issue.2, pp.115-129, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(00)00197-3

A. Yli-viikari, R. Hietala-koivu, E. Huusela-veistola, T. Hyvonen, P. Perala et al., Evaluating agri-environmental indicators (AEIs)???Use and limitations of international indicators at national level, Ecological Indicators, vol.7, issue.1, pp.150-163, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolind.2005.11.005