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High-resolution inventory of NO emissions from agricultural soils over the Ile-de-France region

Abstract : Arable soils are a significant source of nitric oxide (NO), a precursor of tropospheric ozone, and thereby contribute to ozone pollution. However, their actual impact on ozone formation is strongly related to their spatial and temporal emission patterns, which warrant high-resolution estimates. Here, we combined an agro-ecosystem model and geo-referenced databases to map these sources over the 12 000 km2 administrative region surrounding Paris, France, with a kilometric level resolution. The six most frequent arable crop species were simulated, with emission rates ranging from 1.4 kg N–NO ha-1 yr-1 to 11.1 kg N–NO ha-1 yr-1. The overall emission factor for fertilizer-derived NO emissions was 1.7%, while background emissions contributed half of the total NO efflux. Emissions were strongly seasonal, being highest in spring due to fertilizer inputs. They were mostly sensitive to soil type, crops' growing season and fertilizer N rates. The use of an agro-ecosystem model at regional scale makes it possible to map the emissions of nitric oxide from arable soils at a resolution compatible with tropospheric ozone models.
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Marie Noelle Rolland, Benoit Gabrielle, Patricia Laville, Pierre Cellier, Matthias Beekmann, et al.. High-resolution inventory of NO emissions from agricultural soils over the Ile-de-France region. Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2010, 158 (3), pp.711-722. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2009.10.017⟩. ⟨hal-01192187⟩



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