R. E. Black, C. G. Victora, S. P. Walker, Z. A. Bhutta, P. Christian et al., Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries, Lancet, vol.382, issue.9890, pp.427-51, 2013.

Z. A. Bhutta, T. Ahmed, R. E. Black, S. Cousens, K. Dewey et al., What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival, Lancet, vol.371, issue.9610, pp.417-457, 2008.

, Guideline: Updates on the Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Infants and Children, WHO, 2013.

P. Webb, B. Rogers, I. H. Rosenberg, N. Schlossman, C. Wanke et al., Delivering improved nutrition: recommendations for changes to US food aid products and programs, 2011.

Z. A. Bhutta, J. K. Das, A. Rizvi, M. F. Gaffey, N. Walker et al., Evidencebased interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost?, Lancet, vol.382, issue.9890, pp.452-77, 2013.

, ScalingUpNutrition: A Framework For Action, 2011.

U. Who, W. , and U. , Consultation on the Programmatic Aspects of the Management of Moderate Acute Malnutrition in Children under five years of age. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2010.

M. T. Ruel, P. Menon, J. P. Habicht, C. Loechl, G. Bergeron et al., Agebased preventive targeting of food assistance and behaviour change and communication for reduction of childhood undernutrition in Haiti: a cluster randomised trial, Lancet, vol.371, issue.9612, pp.588-95, 2008.

S. Isanaka, N. Nombela, A. Djibo, M. Poupard, D. Van-beckhoven et al., Effect of preventive supplementation with ready-to-use therapeutic food on the nutritional status, mortality, and morbidity of children aged 6 to 60 months in Niger: a cluster randomized trial, Jama, vol.301, issue.3, pp.277-85, 2009.

K. Parikh, G. Marein-efron, S. Huang, G. O'hare, R. Finalle et al., Nutritional status of children after a food-supplementation program integrated with routine health care through mobile clinics in migrant communities in the Dominican Republic, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.83, issue.3, pp.559-64, 2010.

L. Huybregts, F. Houngbe, C. Salpeteur, R. Brown, D. Roberfroid et al., The effect of adding ready-to-use supplementary food to a general food distribution on child nutritional status and morbidity: a clusterrandomized controlled trial, PLoS Med, vol.9, issue.9, p.1001313, 2012.

K. M. Hendricks, Ready-to-use therapeutic food for prevention of childhood undernutrition, Nutr Rev, vol.68, issue.7, pp.429-464, 2010.

A. Imdad, K. Sadiq, and Z. A. Bhutta, Evidence-based prevention of childhood malnutrition, Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care, vol.14, issue.3, pp.276-85, 2011.

A. Cattaneo, A. Timmer, T. Bomestar, J. Bua, S. Kumar et al., Child nutrition in countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States: time to redirect strategies?, Public Health Nutr, vol.11, issue.12, pp.1209-1228, 2008.

S. Fan, Halving Hunger: meeting the first millennium development goal through business as unusual, Food policy report -International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), p.22, 2010.

J. L. Leroy, M. Ruel, E. Verhofstadt, and D. Olney, The micronutrient impact of multisectoral programs focusing on nutrition: examples from conditional cash transfer, microcredit with education and agricultural programs, Innocenti review, vol.5, pp.1-91, 2008.

O. Attanasio, L. C. Gómez, P. Heredia, and M. Vera-hernández, The short term impact of a conditional cash subsidy on child health and nutrition in Colombia. The Institute of Fiscal Studies, p.15, 2005.

M. T. Ruel and H. Alderman, Nutrition-sensitive interventions and programmes: how can they help to accelerate progress in improving maternal and child nutrition?, Lancet, vol.382, issue.9891, pp.536-51, 2013.

M. Adato and L. Bassett, Social protection to support vulnerable children and families: the potential of cash transfers to protect education, health and nutrition, AIDS Care, vol.21, pp.60-75, 2009.

M. Lagarde, A. Haines, and N. Palmer, The impact of conditional cash transfers on health outcomes and use of health services in low and middle income countries, Cochrane Database Syst Rev, vol.4, p.8137, 2009.

J. L. Leroy, M. Ruel, and E. Verhofstadt, The impact of conditional cash transfer programmes on child nutrition: a review of evidence using a programme theory framework, Journal of Development Effectiveness, vol.1, issue.2, pp.103-132, 2009.

A. Fiszbein, N. Schady, F. Ferreira, M. Grosh, N. Kelleher et al., Conditional Cash Transfers -Reducing present and future poverty, 2009.

J. Wall, C. N. Mhurchu, T. Blakely, A. Rodgers, and J. Wilton, Effectiveness of monetary incentives in modifying dietary behavior:a review of randomized, controlled trials, Nutr Rev, vol.64, issue.12, pp.518-549, 2006.

B. Fenn, G. Noura, V. Sibson, C. Dolan, and J. Shoham, The role of unconditional cash transfers during a nutritional emergency in Maradi region, Niger: a pre-post intervention observational study, Public Health Nutr, pp.1-9, 2014.

M. Gaarder, Conditional versus unconditional cash: a commentary, Journal of Development Effectiveness, vol.4, issue.1, pp.130-133, 2012.

B. Davis, M. Gaarder, S. Handa, and J. Yablonski, Evaluating the impact of cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: an introduction to the special issue, Journal of Development Effectiveness, vol.4, pp.1-1, 2012.

U. Gentilini and S. W. Omamo, Social protection 2.0: Exploring issues, evidence and debates in a globalizing world, Food Policy, vol.36, pp.329-369, 2011.

M. M. Gaarder, G. Amanda, and . Tj-e, Conditional cash transfers and health: unpacking the causal chain, Journal of Development Effectiveness, vol.1, p.6, 2010.

L. M. Dakuyo, F. G. Ouedraogo, and S. Somda, Analyse des résultats définitifs. Thème 6 : natalité -fécondité, 2006.

T. Boudreau, M. Lawrence, P. H. Lzmann, O. Donnell, M. et al., The Practitioners' Guide to the Household Economy Approach -Regional Hunger and Vulnerability Programme. UK: The Food Economy Group, 2008.

D. Kauffmann, Étude de faisabilité et définition de la méthodologie d'intervention en transferts sociaux au Burkina Faso. Action Contre la Faim Novembre, 2012.

. Cioms, International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects, 2002.

D. E. Roth, S. A. Richard, and R. E. Black, Zinc supplementation for the prevention of acute lower respiratory infection in children in developing countries: metaanalysis and meta-regression of randomized trials, Int J Epidemiol, vol.39, issue.3, pp.795-808, 2010.

R. J. Hayes and S. Bennett, Simple sample size calculation for cluster-randomized trials, Int J Epidemiol, vol.28, issue.2, pp.319-345, 1999.

M. F. Drummond, M. J. Sculpher, G. W. Torrance, B. J. O'brien, and G. L. Stoddart, Methods for the economic evaluation of health care progammes, 2005.

P. Muenning, Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health: A Practical Approach, 2007.

S. Bailey and K. Hedlund, The impact of cash transfers on nutrition in emergency and transitional contexts. A review of evidence. UK: ODI -Overseas Development Institute, 2012.