H. Aiking, Protein production: planet, profit, plus people?, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.100, pp.483-489, 2014.

D. Pimentel and M. Pimentel, Sustainability of meat-based and plant-based diets and the environment, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.78, issue.3, pp.660-663, 2003.

P. Scarborough, P. N. Appleby, and A. Mizdrak, Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK, Clim Change, vol.125, issue.2, pp.179-92, 2014.

M. E. Nelson, M. W. Hamm, and F. B. Hu, Alignment of Healthy Dietary Patterns and Environmental Sustainability: A Systematic Review, Adv Nutr An Int Rev J, vol.7, issue.6, pp.1005-1030, 2016.

, World Health Organization. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) Fact sheet N°317

C. K. Richter, A. C. Skulas-ray, C. M. Champagne, and P. M. Kris-etherton, Plant protein and animal proteins: do they differentially affect cardiovascular disease risk?, Adv Nutr Bethesda Md, vol.6, issue.6, pp.712-740, 2015.

, Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, pp.262-285, 2010.

M. Song, T. T. Fung, and F. B. Hu, Association of Animal and Plant Protein Intake With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality, JAMA Intern Med, vol.176, issue.10, pp.1453-1463, 2016.

F. B. Hu, Dietary pattern analysis: a new direction in nutritional epidemiology, Curr Opin Lipidol, vol.13, issue.1, pp.3-9, 2002.

K. B. Michels and M. B. Schulze, Can dietary patterns help us detect diet-disease associations?, Nutr Res Rev, vol.18, issue.2, pp.241-249, 2005.

P. K. Newby and K. L. Tucker, Empirically derived eating patterns using factor or cluster analysis: a review, Nutr Rev, vol.62, issue.5, pp.177-203, 2004.

T. L. Butler, G. E. Fraser, and W. L. Beeson, Cohort profile: The Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2)

, Int J Epidemiol, vol.37, issue.2, pp.260-265, 2008.

K. Jaceldo-siegl, J. Fan, and J. Sabaté, Race-specific validation of food intake obtained from a comprehensive FFQ: the Adventist Health Study-2, Public Health Nutr, vol.14, issue.11, pp.1988-97, 2011.

K. Jaceldo-siegl, S. F. Knutsen, and J. Sabaté, Validation of nutrient intake using an FFQ and repeated 24 h recalls in black and white subjects of the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2), Public Health Nutr, vol.13, issue.6, pp.812-821, 2010.

G. Fraser and R. Yan, Guided multiple imputation of missing data: using a subsample to strengthen the missing-at-random assumption, Epidemiology, vol.18, issue.2, pp.246-52, 2007.

M. J. Orlich, P. N. Singh, and J. Sabaté, Vegetarian dietary patterns and mortality in Adventist Health Study 2, JAMA Intern Med, vol.173, issue.13, pp.1230-1238, 2013.

G. M. Camilleri, E. O. Verger, and J. Huneau, Plant and animal protein intakes are differently associated with nutrient adequacy of the diet of French adults, J Nutr, vol.143, issue.9, pp.1466-73, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01003314

A. Thiébaut, E. Kesse, C. Com-nougué, F. Clavel-chapelon, and J. Bénichou, Adjustment for energy intake in the assessment of dietary risk factors, Rev Dépidémiologie Santé Publique, vol.52, issue.6, pp.2455-64, 2004.

S. Li, A. Flint, and J. K. Pai, Low Carbohydrate Diet From Plant or Animal Sources and Mortality Among Myocardial Infarction Survivors, J Am Heart Assoc, vol.3, issue.5, pp.1169-001169, 2014.

A. Pan, Q. Sun, A. M. Bernstein, and M. B. Schulze, Red meat consumption and mortality, results from 2 prospective cohort studies, Arch Intern Med, vol.172, issue.7, pp.555-63, 2012.

I. Abete, D. Romaguera, A. R. Vieira, A. Lopez-de-munain, and T. Norat, Association between total, processed, red and white meat consumption and all-cause, CVD and IHD mortality, a meta-analysis of cohort studies, Br J Nutr, vol.112, issue.5, pp.762-75, 2014.

A. J. Mayhew, R. J. De-souza, D. Meyre, S. S. Anand, and A. Mente, A systematic review and meta-analysis of nut consumption and incident risk of CVD and all-cause mortality, Br J Nutr, vol.115, issue.2, pp.212-237, 2016.

G. Grosso, J. Yang, S. Marventano, A. Micek, F. Galvano et al., Nut consumption on all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality risk, a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.101, issue.4, pp.783-93, 2015.

M. A. Martinez-gonzalez, A. Sanchez-tainta, and C. D. , A provegetarian food pattern and reduction in total mortality in the Prevencion con Dieta Mediterranea (PREDIMED) study, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.100, issue.Supplement_1, pp.320-328, 2014.

M. Á. Martínez-gonzález, M. Ruiz-canela, A. Hruby, L. Liang, A. Trichopoulou et al., Intervention Trials with the Mediterranean Diet in Cardiovascular Prevention: Understanding Potential Mechanisms through Metabolomic Profiling, J Nutr, vol.146, issue.4, pp.913-919, 2016.

A. Satija, S. N. Bhupathiraju, and E. B. Rimm, Plant-Based Dietary Patterns and Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in US Men and Women: Results from Three Prospective Cohort Studies, PLOS Med, vol.13, issue.6, p.1002039, 2016.

P. Elliott, J. Stamler, and A. R. Dyer, Association between protein intake and blood pressure, the INTERMAP Study, Arch Intern Med, vol.166, issue.1, pp.79-87, 2006.

A. Jennings, A. Macgregor, A. Welch, P. Chowienczyk, T. Spector et al., Amino Acid Intakes Are Inversely Associated with Arterial Stiffness and Central Blood Pressure in Women, J Nutr, vol.145, issue.9, pp.2130-2138, 2015.

R. E. , Health Benefits of Nut Consumption, Nutrients, vol.2, issue.7, pp.652-82, 2010.

N. N. Huynh and J. Chin-dusting, Amino acids, arginase and nitric oxide in vascular health, Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol, vol.33, issue.1-2, pp.1-8, 2006.

J. Stamler, I. J. Brown, and M. L. Daviglus, Dietary glycine and blood pressure, the International Study on Macro/Micronutrients and Blood Pressure, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.98, issue.1, pp.136-181, 2013.

G. E. Fraser, R. Yan, T. L. Butler, K. Jaceldo-siegl, W. L. Beeson et al., Missing data in a long food frequency questionnaire, are imputed zeroes correct?, Epidemiol Camb Mass, vol.20, issue.2, pp.289-94, 2009.

B. V. Howard and D. Kritchevsky, Phytochemicals and Cardiovascular Disease, Circulation, vol.95, issue.11, p.2591, 1997.

K. Jaceldo-siegl, F. J. Sabaté, J. Knutsen, S. F. Haddad, E. Beeson et al., Race-specific validation of food intake obtained from a comprehensive FFQ: the Adventist Health Study-2, Public Health Nutr, vol.14, issue.11, pp.1988-97, 2011.

S. F. Schakel, Y. A. Sievert, and I. M. Buzzard, Sources of data for developing and maintaining a nutrient database, J Am Diet Assoc, vol.88, issue.10, pp.1268-71, 1988.

. Energy,