W. Bors, C. Langebartels, C. Michel, and H. Sandermann, Polyamine as radical scavengers and protectants against ozone damage, Phytochemistry, vol.28, pp.1589-1595, 1989.

C. Bowler, M. V. Montagu, and D. Inze, Superoxide dismutase and stress tolerance, Annu. Rev, 1992.

, Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol, vol.43, pp.83-116

D. C. Boyes, A. M. Zayed, R. Ascenzi, A. J. Mccaskill, N. E. Hoffman et al., Growth stage-based phenotypic analysis of Arabidopsis: a model for high throughput functional genomics in plants, Plant Cell, vol.13, pp.1499-1510, 2001.

K. S. Chang, S. H. Lee, S. B. Hwang, and K. Y. Park, Characterization and translational regulation of the arginine decarboxylase gene in carnation, Dianthus caryophyllus L.). Plant J, vol.24, pp.45-56, 2000.

I. Couée, I. Hummel, C. Sulmon, G. Gouesbet, and A. El-amrani, Involvement of polyamines in root development, Plant Cell Tiss. Org, vol.76, pp.1-10, 2004.

I. Couée, C. Sulmon, G. Gouesbet, and A. El-amrani, Involvement of soluble sugars in reactive oxygen species balance and responses to oxidative stress in plants, J. Exp. Bot, vol.57, pp.449-459, 2006.


A. El-amrani, L. Marie, A. Aïnouche, J. Nicolas, and I. Couée, Genome-wide distribution and potential regulatory functions of AtATE, a novel family of miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements in Arabidopsis thaliana, Mol. Genet. Genomics, vol.267, pp.459-471, 2002.


C. Fuell, K. A. Elliott, C. C. Hanfrey, M. Franceschetti, and A. J. Michael, Polyamine biosynthetic diversity in plants and algae, Plant Physiol. Biochem, vol.48, pp.513-520, 2010.


M. D. Groppa, M. L. Tomaro, and M. P. Benavides, Polyamines and heavy metal stress: the antioxidant behavior of spermine in cadmium-and copper-treated wheat leaves, BioMetals, vol.20, pp.185-195, 2007.

M. L. Guerrero-gonzález, M. Rodríguez-kessler, and J. F. Jiménez-bremont, uORF, a regulatory mechanism of the Arabidopsis polyamine oxidase 2, Mol. Biol. Rep, vol.41, pp.2427-2443, 2014.

A. K. Handa and A. K. Mattoo, Differential and functional interactions emphasize the multiple roles of polyamines in plants, Plant Physiol. Biochem, vol.48, pp.540-546, 2010.


C. Hanfrey, S. Sommer, M. J. Mayer, D. Burtin, and A. J. Michael, Arabidopsis polyamine biosynthesis: absence of ornithine decarboxylase and the mechanism of arginine decarboxylase activity, Plant J, vol.27, pp.551-560, 2001.

I. Hummel, I. Couée, A. El-amrani, J. Martin-tanguy, and F. Hennion, Involvement of polyamines in root development at low temperature in the subantarctic cruciferous species Pringlea antiscorbutica, J. Exp. Bot, vol.53, pp.1463-1473, 2002.

I. Hummel, G. Bourdais, G. Gouesbet, I. Couée, R. L. Malmberg et al., Differential gene expression of ARGININE DECARBOXYLASE ADC1 and ADC2 in Arabidopsis thaliana: importance of transcriptional regulation during seed germination and seedling development, New Phytol, vol.163, pp.519-531, 2004.

I. Hummel, A. El-amrani, G. Gouesbet, A. Aïnouche, and I. Couée, , 2004.

, Arginine Decarboxylase (polyamine synthesis) paralogues of the endemic subantarctic cruciferous species Pringlea antiscorbutica and analysis of their differential expression during development and response to environmental stress, Gene, vol.342, pp.199-209

I. Hummel, A. El-amrani, G. Gouesbet, F. Hennion, and I. Couée, Involvement of polyamines in the interacting effects of low temperature and mineral supply on Pringlea antiscorbutica (Kerguelen cabbage) seedlings, J. Exp. Bot, vol.55, pp.1125-1134, 2004.

D. Iraqi, V. Q. Le, M. S. Lamhamedi, and F. M. Tremblay, Sucrose utilization during somatic embryo development in black spruce: involvement of apoplastic invertase in the tissue and of extracellular invertase in the medium, J. Plant Physiol, vol.162, pp.115-124, 2005.


J. C. Jang, P. León, L. Zhou, and J. Sheen, Hexokinase as a sugar sensor in higher plants, Plant Cell, vol.9, pp.5-19, 1997.

R. A. Jefferson, T. A. Kavanagh, and M. W. Bevan, GUS fusions: beta-glucuronidase as a sensitive and versatile gene fusion marker in higher plants, EMBO J, vol.6, pp.3901-3907, 1987.

V. Kasinathan and A. Wingler, Effect of reduced arginine decarboxylase activity on salt tolerance and on polyamine formation during salt stress in Arabidopsis thaliana, Physiol. Plant, vol.121, pp.101-107, 2004.


P. Lamesch, T. Z. Berardini, D. Li, D. Swarbreck, C. Wilks et al.,

D. L. Alexander, M. Garcia-hernandez, A. S. Karthikeyan, C. H. Lee, W. D. Nelson et al., The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR): improved gene annotation and new tools, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.40, pp.1202-1210, 2012.


J. Lastdrager, J. Hanson, and S. Smeekens, Sugar signals and the control of plant growth and development, J. Exp. Bot, vol.65, pp.799-807, 2014.

P. León and J. Sheen, Sugar and hormone connections, Trends Plant Sci, vol.8, pp.110-116, 2003.

, , pp.11-17

L. Li and J. Sheen, Dynamic and diverse sugar signaling, Curr. Opin. Plant Biol, vol.33, pp.116-125, 2016.


H. K. Lichtenthaler and A. R. Wellburn, Determinations of total carotenoids and chlorophylls a and b of leaf extracts in different solvents, Biochem. Soc. Trans, vol.11, 1983.

J. H. Liu, W. Wang, H. Wu, X. Gong, and T. Moriguchi, Polyamines function in stress tolerance: from synthesis to regulation, Front. Plant Sci, vol.6, 2015.

E. Loreti, A. Poggi, G. Novi, A. Alpi, and P. Perata, A genome-wide analysis of the effects of sucrose on gene expression in Arabidopsis seedlings under anoxia, Plant Physiol, vol.137, pp.1130-1138, 2005.

D. R. Macgregor, K. I. Deak, P. A. Ingram, and J. E. Malamy, Root system architecture in Arabidopsis grown in culture is regulated by sucrose uptake in the aerial tissues, Plant Cell, vol.20, pp.2643-2660, 2008.

J. E. Malamy and P. N. Benfey, Organization and cell differentiation in lateral roots of Arabidopsis thaliana, Development, vol.124, pp.33-44, 1997.

A. K. Mattoo, . St, J. B. John, and W. P. Wergin, Adaptive reorganization of protein and lipid components in chloroplast membranes as associated with herbicide binding, J. Cell Biol, vol.24, pp.163-175, 1984.

P. N. Moschou and K. A. Roubelakis-angelakis, Polyamines and programmed cell death, J. Exp, 2014.

. Bot, , vol.65, pp.1285-1296

K. Podle?áková, L. Ugena, L. Spíchal, K. Dole?al, and N. De-diego, Phytohormones and polyamines regulate plant stress responses by altering GABA pathway, N. Biotechnol, vol.48, pp.53-65, 2019.


A. H. Price, N. M. Atherton, and G. A. Hendry, Plants under drought stress generate activated oxygen, Free Radic. Res. Commun, vol.8, pp.61-66, 1989.
DOI : 10.3109/10715768909087973

F. Ramel, C. Sulmon, F. Cabello-hurtado, L. Taconnat, M. L. Martin-magniette et al.,

A. Amrani, I. Couee, and G. Gouesbet, Genome-wide interacting effects of sucrose and herbicidemediated stress in Arabidopsis thaliana: novel insights into atrazine toxicity and sucrose-induced tolerance, BMC Genomics, vol.8, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00264268

F. Ramel, C. Sulmon, M. Bogard, I. Couée, and G. Gouesbet, Differential patterns of reactive oxygen species and antioxidative mechanisms during atrazine injury and sucrose-induced tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana plantlets, BMC Plant Biol, vol.9, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00386161

F. Ramel, C. Sulmon, G. Gouesbet, and I. Couée, Natural variation reveals relationships between pre-stress carbohydrate nutritional status and subsequent responses to xenobiotic and oxidative stress in Arabidopsis thaliana, Ann. Bot, vol.104, pp.1323-1337, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00438769

F. Ramel, C. Sulmon, A. A. Serra, G. Gouesbet, and I. Couée, Xenobiotic sensing and signalling in higher plants, J. Exp. Bot, vol.63, pp.3999-4014, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00736135

F. Rook, N. Gerrits, A. Kortstee, M. Van-kampen, M. Borrias et al., , 1998.

, Sucrose-specific signalling represses translation of the Arabidopsis ATB2 bZIP transcription factor gene, Plant J, vol.15, pp.253-263

F. Rook, S. A. Hadingham, Y. Li, and M. W. Bevan, Sugar and ABA response pathways and the control of gene expression, Plant Cell Environ, vol.29, pp.426-434, 2006.

Y. L. Ruan, Sucrose metabolism: gateway to diverse carbon use and sugar signaling, Annu. Rev. Plant Biol, vol.65, pp.33-67, 2014.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev-arplant-050213-040251

A. W. Rutherford and A. Krieger-liszkay, Herbicide-induced oxidative stress in photosystem II, Trends Biochem. Sci, vol.26, pp.1953-1956, 2001.

A. Savvides, S. Ali, M. Tester, and V. Fotopoulos, Chemical priming of plants against multiple abiotic stresses: mission possible?, Trends Plant Sci, vol.21, pp.329-340, 2016.


A. Schützendübel and A. Polle, Plant responses to abiotic stresses: heavy metal-induced oxidative stress and protection by mycorrhization, J. Exp. Bot, vol.53, pp.1351-1365, 2002.

M. I. Sequera-mutiozabal, A. Erban, J. Kopka, K. E. Atanasov, J. Bastida et al., Global Metabolic Profiling of Arabidopsis Polyamine Oxidase, vol.4, 2016.

, Loss-of-Function Mutants Exhibiting Delayed Dark-Induced Senescence, Front. Plant Sci, vol.7

B. J. Shelp, G. G. Bozzo, C. P. Trobacher, A. Zarei, K. L. Deyman et al., , 2012.

, Hypothesis/review: Contribution of putrescine to 4-aminobutyrate (GABA) production in response to abiotic stress, Plant Sci, pp.130-135

H. Shi and Z. Chan, Improvement of plant abiotic stress tolerance through modulation of the polyamine pathway, J. Int. Plant Biol, vol.56, pp.114-121, 2014.

C. Solfanelli, A. Poggi, E. Loreti, A. Alpi, and P. Perata, Sucrose-specific induction of the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis, Plant Physiol, vol.140, pp.637-646, 2006.


S. J. Stohs and D. Bagchi, Oxidative mechanisms in the toxicity of metal ions. Free Radic, Biol, 1995.

. Med, , vol.18, p.159

C. Sulmon, G. Gouesbet, I. Couée, and A. El-amrani, Sugar-induced tolerance to atrazine in Arabidopsis seedlings: interacting effects of atrazine and soluble sugars on psbA mRNA and D1 protein levels, Plant Sci, vol.167, pp.913-923, 2004.

C. Sulmon, G. Gouesbet, A. El-amrani, and I. Couée, Sucrose-induced tolerance to the herbicide atrazine in Arabidopsis seedlings involves activation of oxidative and xenobiotic stress responses, Plant Cell Rep, vol.25, pp.489-498, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00015244

C. Sulmon, G. Gouesbet, F. Binet, F. Martin-laurent, A. El-amrani et al., Sucrose amendment enhances phytoaccumulation of the herbicide atrazine in Arabidopsis thaliana, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00068364

. Pollut, , vol.145, pp.507-515

T. Takahashi and J. I. Kakehi, Polyamines: ubiquitous polycations with unique roles in growth and stress responses, Ann. Bot, vol.105, pp.1-6, 2010.
DOI : 10.1093/aob/mcp259

URL : https://academic.oup.com/aob/article-pdf/105/1/1/16998648/mcp259.pdf