N. Ah-you, L. Gagnevin, P. A. Grimont, S. Brisse, X. Nesme et al., Polyphasic characterization of Xanthomonads pathogenic to members of the Anacardiaceae and their relatedness to species of Xanthomonas, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol, vol.59, pp.306-318, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00526055

E. Akiew, Influence of soil moisture and temperature on the persistence of Pseudomonas solanacearum, Bacterial Wilt Disease in Asia and the South Pacific, pp.77-79, 1985.

N. F. Almeida, S. Yan, R. Cai, C. R. Clarke, C. E. Morris et al., PAMDB, a multilocus sequence typing and analysis database and website for plant-associated microbes, Phytopathology, vol.100, pp.208-215, 2010.

T. Arwiyanto, M. Goto, and Y. Takikawa, Characterization of bacteriocins produced by Pseudomonas solanacearum, Jap. J. Phytopathol, vol.59, pp.114-122, 1993.

I. Buddenhagen, L. Sequeira, and A. Kelman, Designation of races in Pseudomonas solanacearum, Phytopathology, vol.52, p.726, 1962.

I. W. Buddenhagen, Bacterial wilt revisited, Bacterial Wilt Disease in Asia and the South Pacific, pp.126-143, 1986.

G. Carstensen, S. Venter, M. Wingfield, and T. Coutinho, Two Ralstonia species associated with bacterial wilt of Eucalyptus, Plant Pathol, vol.66, pp.393-403, 2017.

P. Caruso, J. L. Palomo, E. Bertolini, B. Álvarez, M. M. López et al., Seasonal variation of Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2 populations in a Spanish river: recovery of stressed cells at low temperatures, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.71, pp.140-148, 2005.

J. A. Castillo and J. T. Greenberg, Evolutionary dynamics of Ralstonia solanacearum, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.73, pp.1225-1238, 2007.

G. Cellier, B. Remenant, F. Chiroleu, P. Lefeuvre, and P. Prior, Phylogeny and population structure of brown rot-and Moko disease-causing strains of Ralstonia solanacearum phylotype II, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.78, pp.2367-2375, 2012.

P. G. Champoiseau, J. B. Jones, A. , and C. , Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2 causes tropical losses and temperate anxieties, Plant Health Prog, vol.10, pp.1-10, 2009.

B. Coupat, F. Chaumeille-dole, S. Fall, P. Prior, P. Simonet et al., Natural transformation in the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex: number and size of DNA that can be transferred, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol, vol.66, pp.3119-3124, 2007.

A. Dookun, S. Saumtally, and S. Seal, Genetic diversity in Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Mauritius using restriction fragment length polymorphisms, J. Phytopathol, vol.149, pp.51-55, 2001.

R. C. Edgar, MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.32, pp.1792-1797, 2004.

J. Elphinstone, The current bacterial wilt situation: a global overview, Bacterial Wilt: the Disease and the Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex, pp.9-28, 2005.

. Fao, Improving Efficiency and Transparency in Food Safety Systems-Sharing Experiences. Marrakech: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2002.

E. Fargier, . Fischer-le, M. Saux, and C. Manceau, A multilocus sequence analysis of Xanthomonas campestris reveals a complex structure within crucifer-attacking pathovars of this species, Syst. Appl. Microbiol, vol.34, pp.156-165, 2011.

M. Fegan, M. Taghavi, L. I. Sly, and A. C. Hayward, Phylogeny, diversity and molecular diagnostics of Ralstonia solanacearum, Bacterial Wilt Disease: Molecular and Ecological Aspects, pp.19-33, 1998.

M. Fegan and P. Prior, How complex is the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex?" in Bacterial Wilt Disease and the Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex, pp.449-461, 2005.

E. J. Feil, B. C. Li, D. M. Aanensen, W. P. Hanage, and B. G. Spratt, eBURST: inferring patterns of evolutionary descent among clusters of related bacterial genotypes from multilocus sequence typing data, J. Bacteriol, vol.186, 2004.

A. P. Francisco, C. Vaz, P. T. Monteiro, J. Melo-cristino, M. Ramirez et al., PHYLOViZ: phylogenetic inference and data visualization for sequence based typing methods, BMC Bioinformatics, vol.13, p.87, 2012.

E. French, Strategies for integrated control of bacterial wilt of potatoes" in Bacterial Wilt: The Disease and Its Causative Agent, Pseudomonas solanacearum, 1994.

U. Wallingford and . Agriculture, Biological and Chemical Research Institute; CAB International, pp.199-207

Y. X. Fu and W. H. Li, Statistical tests of neutrality of mutations, Genetics, vol.133, pp.693-709, 1993.

D. Gevers, F. M. Cohan, J. G. Lawrence, B. G. Spratt, T. Coenye et al., Re-evaluating prokaryotic species, Nat. Rev. Microbiol, vol.3, pp.733-739, 2005.

M. Gillings and P. Fahy, Genomic fingerprinting: towards a unified view of the Pseudomonas solanacearum species complex, Bacterial Wilt: the Disease and its Causative Agent, Pseudomonas solanacearum, pp.95-112, 1994.

J. Girard, J. Nicole, J. Cheron, A. Gaubiac, O. Huvier et al., Bacterial wilt due to Pseudomonas solanacearum in reunion: general situation and current research, ACIAR Proceedings (Canberra), pp.343-347, 1993.

J. Goudet, J. , and T. , Hierfstat: Estimation and Tests of Hierarchical F-Statistics. R Package Version 0.04-22, 2015.

A. Guidot, B. Coupat, S. Fall, P. Prior, and F. Bertolla, Horizontal gene transfer between Ralstonia solanacearum strains detected by comparative genomic hybridization on microarrays, ISME J, vol.3, pp.549-562, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00526064

A. Guidot, P. Prior, J. Schoenfeld, S. Carrere, S. Genin et al., Genomic structure and phylogeny of the plant pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum inferred from gene distribution analysis, J. Bacteriol, vol.189, pp.377-387, 2007.

J. Guinard, A. Latreille, F. Guérin, S. Poussier, and E. Wicker, New multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA) scheme for fine-scale monitoring and microevolution-related study of Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum phylotype I populations, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.83, pp.3095-03016, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01594781

S. Guindon, J. Dufayard, V. Lefort, M. Anisimova, W. Hordijk et al., New algorithms and methods to estimate maximum-likelihood phylogenies: assessing the performance of PhyML 3.0, Syst. Biol, vol.59, pp.307-321, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/lirmm-00511784

M. L. Hale, T. M. Burg, and T. E. Steeves, Sampling for microsatellitebased population genetic studies: 25 to 30 individuals per population is enough to accurately estimate allele frequencies, PLoS ONE, vol.7, p.45170, 2012.

A. A. Hamza, I. Robène-soustrade, E. Jouen, P. Lefeuvre, F. Chiroleu et al., MultiLocus sequence analysis-and amplified fragment length polymorphism-based characterization of Xanthomonads associated with bacterial spot of tomato and pepper and their relatedness to Xanthomonas species, Syst. Appl. Microbiol, vol.35, pp.183-190, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01455963

W. P. Hanage, T. Kaijalainen, E. Herva, A. Saukkoriipi, R. Syrjänen et al., Using multilocus sequence data to define the pneumococcus, J. Bacteriol, vol.187, pp.6223-6230, 2005.

A. Hayward, Characteristics of Pseudomonas solanacearum, J. Appl. Bacteriol, vol.27, pp.265-277, 1964.

A. Hayward, The hosts of Pseudomonas solanacearum, Bacterial Wilt: The Disease and Its Causative Agent, Pseudomonas solanacearum, pp.9-24, 1994.

L. He, L. Sequeira, and A. Kelman, Characteristics of strains of Pseudomonas solanacearum from China, Plant Dis, vol.67, pp.1357-1361, 1983.

A. P. Hert, P. D. Roberts, M. T. Momol, G. V. Minsavage, S. M. Tudor-nelson et al., Relative importance of bacteriocin-like genes in antagonism of Xanthomonas perforans tomato race 3 to Xanthomonas euvesicatoria tomato race 1 strains, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.71, pp.3581-3588, 2005.

A. I. Huerta, A. Milling, A. , and C. , Tropical strains of Ralstonia solanacearum outcompete race 3 biovar 2 strains at lowland tropical temperatures, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.81, pp.3542-3551, 2015.

P. R. Hunter, Reproducibility and indices of discriminatory power of microbial typing methods, J. Clin. Microbiol, vol.28, pp.1903-1905, 1990.

P. R. Hunter and M. A. Gaston, Numerical index of the discriminatory ability of typing systems: an application of Simpson's index of diversity, J. Clin. Microbiol, vol.26, pp.2465-2466, 1988.

D. H. Huson and D. Bryant, Application of phylogenetic networks in evolutionary studies, Mol. Biol. Evol, vol.23, pp.254-267, 2006.

M. Jacques, K. Durand, G. Orgeur, S. Balidas, C. Fricot et al., Phylogenetic analysis and polyphasic characterization of Clavibacter michiganensis strains isolated from tomato seeds reveal that nonpathogenic strains are distinct from C. michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.78, pp.8388-8402, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01209917

J. Janse, Potato brown rot in Western Europe-history, present occurrence and some remarks on possible origin, epidemiology and control strategies, EPPO Bull, vol.26, pp.679-695, 1996.

M. Kearse, R. Moir, A. Wilson, S. Stones-havas, M. Cheung et al., Geneious Basic: an integrated and extendable desktop software platform for the organization and analysis of sequence data, Bioinformatics, vol.28, pp.1647-1649, 2012.

A. Kelman, The relationship of pathogenicity of Pseudomonas solanacearum to colony appearance in a tetrazolium medium, Phytopathology, vol.44, pp.693-695, 1954.

A. Kelman, Factors influencing viability and variation in cultures of Pseudomonas solanacearum, Phytopathology, vol.46, pp.16-17, 1956.

M. Khoodoo, E. Ganoo, and S. Saumtally, First report of Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2A infecting potato and weeds in Mauritius, Plant Dis, vol.91, pp.1200-1200, 2007.

M. H. Khoodoo, E. S. Ganoo, and A. S. Saumtally, Molecular characterization and epidemiology of Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2 causing brown rot of potato in Mauritius, J. Phytopathol, vol.158, pp.503-512, 2010.

S. Kim, R. Olson, and N. Schaad, Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2, race 3 in geraniums imported from Guatemala to Pennsylvania in 1999, Phytopathology, vol.92, p.42, 2002.

J. B. Kruskal, Multidimensional scaling by optimizing goodness of fit to a nonmetric hypothesis, Psychometrika, vol.29, pp.1-27, 1964.

A. Lebeau, M. Daunay, A. Frary, A. Palloix, J. Wang et al., Bacterial wilt resistance in tomato, pepper, and eggplant: genetic resources respond to diverse strains in the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex, Phytopathology, vol.101, pp.154-165, 2011.

P. Librado and J. Rozas, DnaSP v5: a software for comprehensive analysis of DNA polymorphism data, Bioinformatics, vol.25, pp.1451-1452, 2009.

C. H. Lin, K. C. Tsai, P. Prior, and J. F. Wang, Phylogenetic relationships and population structure of Ralstonia solanacearum isolated from diverse origins in Taiwan, Plant Pathol, vol.63, pp.1395-1403, 2014.

G. Mahbou-somo-toukam, G. Cellier, E. Wicker, C. Guilbaud, R. Kahane et al., Broad diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains in Cameroon, Plant Dis, vol.93, pp.1123-1130, 2009.

M. C. Maiden, Multilocus sequence typing of bacteria, Annu. Rev. Microbiol, vol.60, pp.561-588, 2006.

M. C. Maiden, J. A. Bygraves, E. Feil, G. Morelli, J. E. Russell et al., Multilocus sequence typing: a portable approach to the identification of clones within populations of pathogenic microorganisms, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A, vol.95, pp.3140-3145, 1998.

J. Mansfield, S. Genin, S. Magori, V. Citovsky, M. Sriariyanum et al., Top 10 plant pathogenic bacteria in molecular plant pathology, Mol. Plant Pathol, vol.13, pp.614-629, 2012.

D. P. Martin, P. Lemey, M. Lott, V. Moulton, D. Posada et al., RDP3: a flexible and fast computer program for analyzing recombination, Bioinformatics, vol.26, pp.2462-2463, 2010.

A. Milling, F. Meng, T. P. Denny, A. , and C. , Interactions with hosts at cool temperatures, not cold tolerance, explain the unique epidemiology of Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2, Phytopathology, vol.99, pp.1127-1134, 2009.

C. A. N'guessan, K. Abo, L. Fondio, F. Chiroleu, A. Lebeau et al., So near and yet so far: the specific case of Ralstonia solanacearum populations from Cote d'Ivoire in Africa, Phytopathology, vol.102, pp.733-740, 2012.

C. A. N'guessan, S. Brisse, A. Le-roux-nio, S. Poussier, D. Koné et al., Development of variable number of tandem repeats typing schemes for Ralstonia solanacearum, the agent of bacterial wilt, banana Moko disease and potato brown rot, J. Microbiol. Methods, vol.92, pp.366-374, 2013.

M. Nei and T. Gojobori, Simple methods for estimating the numbers of synonymous and nonsynonymous nucleotide substitutions, Mol. Biol. Evol, vol.3, pp.418-426, 1986.

N. Parkinson, R. Bryant, J. Bew, C. Conyers, R. Stones et al., Application of variable-number tandem-repeat typing to discriminate Ralstonia solanacearum strains associated with English watercourses and disease outbreaks, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.79, pp.6016-6022, 2013.

R. Peakall and P. E. Smouse, GenAlEx 6.5: genetic analysis in excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research-an update, Bioinformatics, vol.28, pp.2537-2539, 2012.

D. Posada, jModelTest: phylogenetic model averaging, Mol. Biol. Evol, vol.25, pp.1253-1256, 2008.

S. Poussier, P. Prior, J. Luisetti, C. Hayward, and M. Fegan, Partial sequencing of the hrpB and endoglucanase genes confirms and expands the known diversity within the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex, Syst. Appl. Microbiol, vol.23, pp.80021-80022, 2000.

S. Poussier, D. Trigalet-demery, P. Vandewalle, B. Goffinet, J. Luisetti et al., Genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum as assessed by PCR-RFLP of the hrp gene region, AFLP and 16S rRNA sequence analysis, and identification of an African subdivision, Microbiology, vol.146, pp.1679-1692, 2000.

S. Poussier, P. Vandewalle, and J. Luisetti, Genetic diversity of African and worldwide strains of Ralstonia solanacearum as determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the hrp gene region, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.65, pp.2184-2194, 1999.

P. Pradhanang, J. Elphinstone, and R. Fox, Identification of crop and weed hosts of Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2 in the hills of Nepal, Plant Pathol, vol.49, pp.403-413, 2000.

P. Prior, F. Ailloud, B. L. Dalsing, B. Remenant, B. Sanchez et al., Genomic and proteomic evidence supporting the division of the plant pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum into three species, BMC Genomics, vol.17, p.90, 2016.

S. Ravelomanantsoa, Biologie des Populations Du Complexe D'espéces Ralstonia Solanacearum Appliqué á l'épidèmiologie de la bactèriose vasculaire de la pomme de terre á Madagascar, p.226, 2016.

S. Ravelomanantsoa, I. Robene, F. Chiroleu, F. Guerin, S. Poussier et al., A novel multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis typing scheme for African phylotype III strains of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex, PeerJ, vol.4, p.1949, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01456693

L. Rodrigues, S. Destéfano, M. Da-silva, G. Costa, and A. C. Maringoni, Characterization of Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Brazil using molecular methods and pathogenicity tests, J. Plant Pathol, vol.94, pp.505-516, 2012.

P. Roumagnac, L. Gagnevin, O. Pruvost, A. , and M. , Insights into structure and evolution of bacterial species that are revealed by molecular methods, Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases: Modern Methodologies, pp.475-494, 2007.

P. Roumagnac, F. Weill, C. Dolecek, S. Baker, S. Brisse et al., Evolutionary history of Salmonella typhi, Science, vol.314, pp.1301-1304, 2006.

I. Safni, I. Cleenwerck, P. De-vos, M. Fegan, L. Sly et al., Polyphasic taxonomic revision of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex: proposal to emend the descriptions of Ralstonia solanacearum and Ralstonia syzygii and reclassify current R. syzygii strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. syzygii subsp. nov., R. solanacearum phylotype IV strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis subsp. nov., banana blood disease bacterium strains as Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis subsp. nov. and R. solanacearum phylotype I and III strains as Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum sp. nov, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol, vol.64, pp.3087-3103, 2014.

V. Sagar, A. Jeevalatha, S. Mian, S. Chakrabarti, M. Gurjar et al., Potato bacterial wilt in India caused by strains of phylotype I, II and IV of Ralstonia solanacearum, Eur. J. Plant Pathol, vol.138, pp.51-65, 2014.

M. Scally, E. L. Schuenzel, R. Stouthamer, and L. Nunney, Multilocus sequence type system for the plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa and relative contributions of recombination and point mutation to clonal diversity, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.71, pp.8491-8499, 2005.

R. Sikirou, B. Zocli, M. Paret, P. Deberdt, R. Coranson-beaudu et al., First report of bacterial wilt of Gboma (Solanum macrocarpon) caused by Ralstonia solanacearum in Benin, Plant Dis, vol.99, p.1640, 2015.

C. Sola, I. Filliol, E. Legrand, S. Lesjean, C. Locht et al., Genotyping of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex using MIRUs: association with VNTR and spoligotyping for molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics, Infect. Genet. Evol, vol.3, pp.125-133, 2003.

Y. Suga, M. Horita, M. Umekita, N. Furuya, and K. Tsuchiya, Pathogenic characters of Japanese potato strains of Ralstonia solanacearum, J. Gen. Plant Pathol, vol.79, pp.110-114, 2013.

F. Tajima, Statistical method for testing the neutral mutation hypothesis by DNA polymorphism, Genetics, vol.123, pp.585-595, 1989.

M. Torpdahl, M. N. Skov, D. Sandvang, and D. L. Baggesen, Genotypic characterization of Salmonella by multilocus sequence typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and amplified fragment length polymorphism, J. Microbiol. Methods, vol.63, pp.173-184, 2005.

G. Tusiime, E. Adipala, F. Opio, and A. Bhagsari, Weeds as latent hosts of Ralstonia solanacearum in highland Uganda: implications to development of an integrated control package for bacterial wilt, pp.413-419, 1998.

R. Urwin and M. C. Maiden, Multi-locus sequence typing: a tool for global epidemiology, Trends Microbiol, vol.11, pp.479-487, 2003.

E. Wicker, L. Grassart, R. Coranson-beaudu, D. Mian, C. Guilbaud et al., Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.73, pp.6790-6801, 2007.

E. Wicker, P. Lefeuvre, J. De-cambiaire, C. Lemaire, S. Poussier et al., Contrasting recombination patterns and demographic histories of the plant pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum inferred from MLSA, ISME J, vol.6, pp.961-974, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01199343

N. Yahiaoui, J. J. Chéron, R. Jeetah, S. Benimadhu, J. Félicité et al., First report of Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum phylotype I causing bacterial wilt on Rodrigues island, Plant Dis, vol.100, p.2522, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01602932