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Bioaerosol field measurements: Challenges and perspectives in outdoor studies

Abstract : Outdoor field measurements of bioaerosols are performed within a wide range of basic and applied scientific disciplines, each with its own goals, assumptions, and terminology. This paper contains brief reviews of outdoor field bioaerosol research from these diverse interests, with emphasis on perspectives from the atmospheric sciences. The focus is on a high level discussion of pressing scientific questions, grand challenges, and needs for cross-disciplinary collaboration. The research topics, in which bioaerosol field measurement are important, include (i) atmospheric physics, clouds, climate, and hydrological cycle; (ii) atmospheric chemistry; (iii) airborne allergen-containing particles; (iv) airborne human pathogens and national security; (v) airborne livestock and crop pathogens; and (vi) biogeography and biodiversity. We concisely review bioaerosol impacts and discuss properties that distinguish bioaerosols from abiological aerosols. We give extra focus to regions of specific interest, i.e. forests, polar regions, marine and coastal environments, deserts, urban and rural areas, and summarize key considerations related to bioaerosol measurements, such as of fluxes, long-range transport, and from both stationary and vessel-driven platforms. Keeping in mind a series of key scientific questions posed within the diverse communities, we suggest that pressing scientific questions include: (i) emission sources and flux estimates; (ii) spatial distribution; (iii) changes in distribution; (iv) atmospheric aging; (v) metabolic activity; (vi) urbanization of allergies; (vii) transport of human pathogens; and (viii) climate-relevant properties.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 17, 2019 - 8:09:50 PM
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Tina Šantl-Temkiv, Branko Sikoparija, Teruya Maki, Federico Carotenuto, Pierre Amato, et al.. Bioaerosol field measurements: Challenges and perspectives in outdoor studies. Aerosol Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2020, 54, pp.520-546. ⟨10.1080/02786826.2019.1676395⟩. ⟨hal-02319383⟩

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