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Pseudo-chromosome–length genome assembly of a double haploid “Bartlett” pear (Pyrus communis L.)

Abstract : Background: We report an improved assembly and scaffolding of the European pear (Pyrus communis L.) genome (referred to as BartlettDHv2.0), obtained using a combination of Pacific Biosciences RSII long-read sequencing, Bionano optical mapping, chromatin interaction capture (Hi-C), and genetic mapping. The sample selected for sequencing is a double haploid derived from the same "Bartlett" reference pear that was previously sequenced. Sequencing of di-haploid plants makes assembly more tractable in highly heterozygous species such as P. communis. Findings: A total of 496.9 Mb corresponding to 97% of the estimated genome size were assembled into 494 scaffolds. Hi-C data and a high-density genetic map allowed us to anchor and orient 87% of the sequence on the 17 pear chromosomes. Approximately 50% (247 Mb) of the genome consists of repetitive sequences. Gene annotation confirmed the presence of 37,445 protein-coding genes, which is 13% fewer than previously predicted. Conclusions: We showed that the use of a doubled-haploid plant is an effective solution to the problems presented by high levels of heterozygosity and duplication for the generation of high-quality genome assemblies. We present a high-quality chromosome-scale assembly of the European pear Pyrus communis and demostrate its high degree of synteny with the genomes of Malus x Domestica and Pyrus x bretschneideri.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 1:21:20 PM
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Yves Van de peer, Gareth Linsmith, Stéphane Rombauts, Sara Montanari, Cecilia Deng, et al.. Pseudo-chromosome–length genome assembly of a double haploid “Bartlett” pear (Pyrus communis L.). GigaScience, BioMed Central, 2019, 8 (12), pp.1-17. ⟨10.1093/gigascience/giz138⟩. ⟨hal-02563877⟩

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