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The influence of hydrological and biotic processeson brown trout (Salmo trutta) population dynamics

Abstract : Hydrological and biotic forces constrain brown trout (Salmo trutta) population dynamics, but tests of their role across numerous streams are uncommon. In 30 French stream reaches, using 5-8 samples (1 per year) each, we investigated whether the year-to-year seasonal hydrology influenced annual trout densities within reaches, and whether the relationships were shared by all reaches. We also searched for intraspecific interactions between and within cohorts. Trout data were age class (0+, 1+, and adults) densities. For each year, hydrology was described using 13 variables, each computed for a reproduction, emergence, and growth period related to the biological cycle of trout. We used anal-yses of covariance (ANCOVA) to test how trout densities at year n - 1 and hydrology at year n influenced trout densi-ties at year n. High flows during emergence significantly reduced the 0+ densities, consistently across the 30 reaches. Then, 1+ and adult densities were linked, respectively, to 0+ and 1+ densities from the previous year. Analyses also re-vealed density-dependent survival mechanisms for the 0+ cohort, suggesting intracohort competition. Therefore, hydrol-ogy constrains trout dynamics only during the critical emergence period, after which intracohort interactions regulate the 0+ density. Such mechanisms, validated across 30 environmentally different reaches, seem to be fundamental to trout population dynamics.
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Franck Cattanéo, N. Lamouroux, P. Breil, H. Capra. The influence of hydrological and biotic processeson brown trout (Salmo trutta) population dynamics. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, NRC Research Press, 2002, 59, pp.12-22. ⟨10.1139/F01-186⟩. ⟨hal-02580232⟩



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