M. Aprahamian, A. Walker, B. Williams, A. Bark, and B. Knights, On the application of models of European eel (Anguill a a nguill a ) production and escapement to the development of Eel Management Plans: the River Severn, ICES J. Mar. Sci, vol.64, issue.7, p.1472, 2007.

G. Barbin and J. Mccleave, Fecundity of the American eel Anguilla rostrata at 45 degrees N in Maine, USA, J. Fish Biol, vol.51, pp.840-847, 1997.

S. Bonhommeau, E. Chassot, and E. Rivot, Fluctuations in European eel (Anguilla anguilla) recruitment resulting from environmental changes in the Sargasso Sea, Fish. Oceanogr, vol.17, issue.1, pp.32-44, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-00549018

S. Bonhommeau, O. Le-pape, D. Gascuel, B. Blanke, A. Tréguier et al., Estimates of the mortality and the duration of the trans Atlantic migration of European eel Anguilla a nguilla leptocephali using a particle tracking model, J. Fish Biol, vol.74, issue.9, pp.1891-1914, 2009.

S. Bureau-du-colombier, V. Bolliet, P. Lambert, and A. Bardonnet, Energy and migratory behavior in glass eels (Anguilla anguilla), Physiol. Behav, vol.92, issue.4, pp.684-690, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02589896

D. Caissie, River discharge and channel width relationships for New Brunswick rivers, Canadian technical report of fisheries and aquatic sciences/Rapport technique canadien des sciences halieutiques et aquatiques 2637: vi+26 pages, 2006.

D. Caissie and S. Robichaud, Towards a better understanding of the natural flow regimes and streamflow characteristics of rivers of the Maritime Provinces, Canadian technical report of fisheries and aquatic sciences/Rapport technique canadien des sciences halieutiques et aquatiques 2843: viii+53 pages, 2009.

S. Campana, How reliable are growth back-calculations based on otoliths?, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.47, issue.11, pp.2219-2227, 1990.

C. Grant, E. Lowe, W. Fagan, and W. , Living in the branches: population dynamics and ecological processes in dendritic networks, Ecol. Lett, vol.10, issue.2, pp.165-175, 2007.

F. Caron, P. Dumont, G. Verreault, and Y. Mailhot, situation préoccupante, Nat. can, vol.131, pp.59-66, 2007.

J. W. Carr and F. G. Whoriskey, Migration of silver American eels past a hydroelectric dam and through a coastal zone, Fish. Manage. Ecol, vol.15, pp.393-400, 2008.

J. M. Casselman, Dynamics of resources of the American eel, Anguilla rostrata: declining abundance in the 1990s, Eel biology, pp.255-274, 2003.

M. Castonguay, P. V. Hodson, C. M. Couillard, M. J. Eckersley, J. Dutil et al., Why is recruitment of the American eel, Anguilla rostra ta , declining in the St. Lawrence River and Gulf, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.51, pp.479-488, 1994.

M. Chanseau, G. Castelnaud, L. Carry, D. Martin-vandembulcke, and A. Belaud, Essai d'évaluation du stock de géniteurs d'alose Alosa a losa du bassin versant G ironde-Garonne-Dordogne sur la période 1987-2001 et comparaison de différents indicateurs d'abondance, Bull. fr. Pêche Piscicult, vol.374, pp.1-19, 2005.

. Cosewic, COSEWIC assessment and status report on the American eel Anguilla rostrata in Canada, Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 2006.

C. M. Couillard, P. V. Hodson, and M. Castonguay, Correlations between pathological changes and chemical contamination in American eels, Anguilla rostra ta , from the St. Lawrence River, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.54, pp.1916-1927, 1997.

F. Creutzberg, Use of tidal streams by migrating elvers (Anguilla vulga ris), Nature, vol.181, pp.857-858, 1958.

A. Davey and D. Jellyman, Sex determination in freshwater eels and management options for manipulation of sex, Rev. Fish Biol. Fish, vol.15, issue.1, pp.37-52, 2005.

D. L. Deangelis and G. T. Yeh, An introduction to modeling migratory behavior of fishes. In Mechanisms of migration in fishes, pp.445-470, 1984.

J. Dutil, P. Dumont, D. K. Cairns, P. S. Galbraith, G. Verreault et al., Glass eel migration and recruitment in the estuary and Gulf of St, Lawrence J. Fish Biol, vol.74, pp.1970-1984, 2009.

J. Dutil, B. Légaré, and C. Desjardins, Discrimination d'un stock de poisson, l'anguille (Anguilla rostra ta ), basée sur la présence d'un produit chimique de synthèse, le mirex, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.42, pp.455-458, 1985.

E. Edeline, L. Beaulaton, R. Le-barh, and P. Elie, Dispersal in metamorphosing juvenile eel Anguilla anguilla, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.344, pp.213-218, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/bioemco-00353223

E. Feunteun, A. Acou, J. Guillouët, P. Laffaille, and A. Legault, Spatial distribution of an eel population (Anguilla a nguilla ) in a small coastal catchment of Northern Brittany (France). Consequences of hydraulic works, Bull. fr. Pêche Piscicult, issue.349, pp.129-139, 1998.

E. Feunteun, P. Laffaille, T. Robinet, C. Briand, A. Baisez et al., A review of upstream migration and movements in inland waters by anguillid eels. Towards a general theory, Eel Biology, pp.191-213, 2003.

M. Hoffmann, Modélisation de l'impact des ouvrages sur les densités d'anguilles dans le bassin Loire-Bretagne, Master II, 2008.

A. Ibbotson, J. Smith, P. Scarlett, and M. Et-aprhamian, Colonisation of freshwater habitats by the European eel Anguilla anguilla, Freshwat. Biol, vol.47, issue.9, pp.1696-1706, 2002.

H. Imbert, Stratégie conditionnelle contrôlant la dispersion continentale de l'anguille européenne, 2008.

H. Imbert, S. De-lavergne, F. Gayou, C. Rigaud, and P. Lambert, Evaluation of relative distance as new descriptor of yellow European eel spatial distribution, Ecol. Freshwat. Fish, vol.17, issue.4, pp.520-527, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02591228

H. Jansen, H. Winter, M. Bruijs, and H. Et-polman, Just go with the flow? Route selection and mortality during downstream migration of silver eels in relation to river discharge, ICES J. Mar. Sci, vol.64, issue.7, pp.1437-1443, 2007.

B. Jessop, G eographic effects on American Eel (Anguilla rostra ta ) life history characteristics and strategies, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.67, pp.326-346, 2010.

A. Johnson, C. Hatfield, and B. Milne, Simulated diffusion dynamics in river networks, Ecol. Model, vol.83, issue.3, pp.311-325, 1995.

P. Julien and J. Wargadalam, Alluvial Channel Geometry: Theory and Applications, J. Hydr. Engrg, vol.121, issue.4, pp.312-325, 1995.

A. Kettle and K. Haines, How does the European eel (Anguilla a nguilla ) retain its population structure during its larval migration across the North Atlantic Ocean?, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.63, issue.1, pp.90-106, 2006.

W. Krueger and K. Oliveira, Evidence for environmental sex determination in the American eel, Anguilla rostrata. Environ. Biol. Fishes, vol.55, issue.4, pp.381-389, 1999.

P. Lambert, Exploration multiscalaire des paradigmes de la dynamique de la population d'anguilles européennes à l'aide d'outils de simulation, 2005.

M. Larinier, M. Chanseau, C. Rigaud, and P. Steinbach, Eléments d'aide à la définition d'une stratégie de restauration des axes de migration de l'anguille, 2006.

M. Larinier and J. Dartiguelongue, La circulation des poissons migrateurs: le transit à travers les turbines des installations hydroélectriques, Bull. fr. Pêche Piscicult, pp.312-313, 1989.

M. Larinier and F. Travade, La dévalaison des migrateurs: problèmes et dispositifs. Bull. fr. Pêche Piscicult, pp.181-210, 1999.

E. Lasne, A. Acou, A. Vila-g-ispert, and P. Laffaille, European eel distribution and body condition in a river floodplain: effect of longitudinal and lateral connectivity, Ecol. Freshwat. Fish, vol.17, issue.4, pp.567-576, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00440331

J. Lee and P. Julien, Downstream Hydraulic Geometry of Alluvial Channels, J. Hydr. Engrg, vol.132, issue.12, pp.1347-1352, 2006.

L. Leopold and T. Maddock, The hydraulic geometry of stream channels and some physiographic implications, Professional Paper 252, US Geological Survey, 1953.

G. Leprevost, Développement d'un indicateur pour caractériser l'impact migratoire sur le stock d'anguille européenne à l'échelle des bassins, Mémoire technique ONEMA-IAV, 2007.

J. Lobón-cerviá, C. Utrilla, and P. Rincon, Variations in the population dynamics of the European eel Anguilla a nguilla along the course of a Cantabrian river, Ecol. Freshwat. Fish, vol.4, issue.1, pp.17-27, 1995.

L. Machut, K. Limburg, R. Schmidt, and D. Et-dittman, Anthropogenic impacts on American eel demographics in Hudson River tributaries, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc, vol.136, issue.6, pp.1699-1713, 2007.

M. Vandembulcke and D. , Dynamique de population de la grande alose (Alosa alosa) dans le bassin versant G ironde-Garonne-Dordogne (France) : analyse et prévision par modélisation, 1999.

J. Masek and D. Turcotte, A diffusion-limited aggregation model for the evolution of drainage networks, Earth Planet.Sci.Lett, vol.119, issue.3, pp.379-386, 1993.

O. Maury, Approche par simulateur sous SIG . Applicaction à la modélisation hiérarchique de la population de thons albacore (Thunus albacares) de l'Atlantique tropicale, 1998.

J. D. Mccleave, Simulation of the impact of dams and fishing weirs on reproductive potential of silver-phase American eels in the Kennebec River basin, Maine. N. Am. J. Fish. Manage, vol.21, pp.592-605, 2001.

J. D. Mccleave and G. S. Wippelhauser, Behavioral aspects of selective tidal stream transport in juvenile American eels, Am. Fish. Soc. Symp, vol.1, pp.138-150, 1987.

M. Michaud, J. Dutil, and J. J. Et-dodson, Determination of the age of young American eels, Anguilla rostrata, in fresh water, based on otolith surface area and microstructure, J. Fish Biol, vol.32, pp.179-189, 1988.

C. Moriarty and W. Dekker, Management of the European eel (Second report of the EU Concerted Action AIR A94-1939), Fish. Bull, vol.15, pp.1-110, 1997.

P. Nilo and R. Fortin, Synthèse des connaissances et établissement d'une programmation de recherche sur l'anguille d'Amérique (Anguilla rostrata), 2001.

A. Okubo and S. Levin, Diffusion and ecological problems: modern perspectives, vol.14, 2001.

M. Smith and J. Saunders, The American eel in certain fresh waters of the Maritime Provinces of Canada, J. Fish. Res. Board Can, vol.12, issue.2, pp.238-269, 1955.

R. A. Smogor, P. L. Angermeier, and C. K. Gaylord, Distribution and abundance of American eels in Virginia streams: tests of null models across spatial scales, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc, vol.124, pp.789-803, 1995.

P. Steinbach, Expertise de la franchissabilité des ouvrages hydrauliques transversaux par l'anguille dans le sens de la montaison, 2006.

I. Thibault, J. Dodson, F. Caron, W. Tzeng, Y. Iizuka et al., Facultative catadromy in American eels: testing the conditional strategy hypothesis, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.344, pp.219-229, 2007.

E. Thornton, M. Neave, and S. Rayburg, Hydraulic geometry in river channel networks as a method for the assessment of river condition, Proceedings of the 5th Australian Stream Management Conference: Australian Rivers: Making a Difference, 2007.

R. L. Wilson, W. R. Dehaan, K. J. Page, K. H. Bowmer, and A. Curtis, , pp.401-406

V. Tremblay, Stratégie de reproduction de l'anguille d'Amérique (Anguilla rostrata) chez cinq sous-populations dans le bassin hydrogaphique du fleuve Saint-Laurent, 2004.

V. Tremblay, Projets de recherche complémentaire pour la réalisation du modèle d'approximation du gain de potentiel reproducteur chez l'anguille pour une hiérarchisation des gains d'habitats, Rapport non publié de Tecsult Inc, Canada), 2009.

V. Tremblay, Reproductive strategy of female American eels among five subpopulations in the St. Lawrence River watershed. In Biology, Management, and Protection of Catadromous Eels, pp.85-102, 2009.

V. Tremblay, C. Cossette, J. Dutil, G. Verreault, and P. Dumont, Évaluation de la franchissabilité amont et aval pour l'anguille aux barrages, 2011.

R. Verdon and D. Desrochers, Upstream migratory movements of American eel Anguilla rostrata between Beauharnois and Moses-Saunders power dams on the St. Lawrence River, Am. Fish. Soc. Symp, vol.33, pp.139-151, 2003.

R. Verdon, D. Desrochers, and P. Dumont, Recruitment of American eels in the Richelieu River and Lake Champlain: provision of upstream passage as a regional-scale solution to a large-scale problem, Am. Fish. Soc. Symp, vol.33, pp.125-138, 2003.

G. Verreault, Dynamique de la sous-population d'anguilles d'Amérique (Anguilla rostrata) du bassin versant de la rivière du Sud-Ouest. Direction de l'aménagement de la faune de la région du Bas-Saint-Laurent, 2002.

G. Verreault and P. Dumont, An estimation of American eel escapement from the Upper St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario in 1996 and 1997, Am. Fish. Soc. Symp, vol.33, pp.243-251, 2003.

G. Verreault, P. Dumont, and Y. Mailhot, Habitat losses and anthropogenic barriers as a cause of population decline for American eel (Anguilla rostra ta ) in the St. Lawrence watershed, Canada ICES CM, p.4, 2004.

C. Wenner and J. Musick, Fecundity and gonad observations of the American eel, Anguilla rostrata, migrating from Chesapeake Bay, Virginia. J. Fish. Res. Board Can, vol.31, pp.1387-1390, 1974.

D. Wiley, I. I. Morgan, R. Hilderbrand, R. Raesly, R. Shumway et al., Relations between physical habitat and American eel abundance in five river basins in Maryland, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc, vol.133, issue.3, pp.515-526, 2004.

J. Xu, Comparison of hydraulic geometry between sand-and gravel-bed rivers in relation to channel pattern discrimination, Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, vol.29, issue.5, pp.645-657, 2004.

, Annexe 1 : Grille d'expertise des obstacles à la migration proposée par Steinbach (2006) CemOA : archive ouverte d'Irstea / Cemagref