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Indicateurs agro-environnementaux pesticides et Plan Écophyto : Outils de pilotage versus instruments de transformation de l’action publique agro-environnementale

Abstract : Following the commitments taken during the Grenelle Environment, the French Ministry of Agriculture has developed the 2018 Écophyto plan to achieve the goal of a 50 % reduction concerning the use of agriculture pesticides until 2018. The national evaluation process of the 2018 Écophyto plan is based on mobilizing three agri-environmental indicators (NODU, QSA and IFT) to measure the performance progress of the reduction goal. From an analysis of the 2018 Écophyto plan, this paper discusses the issue of the effects of the agri-environmental indicators dissemination process within public action. First developped and used as measurement tools for assessing the environmental performance evaluation of agricultural practices, agri-environmental indicators become now instruments of public action. Both, NODU and IFT indicators contribute to a new governance of agri-environmental public action and go beyond their initial one goal: to be a tool for measuring the national goal of reducing the use of pesticides. Both effects are discussed. We first analyze the management and monitoring of the plan Écophyto by NODU and IFT as a new form of relationship between the French State and its decentralized services : the State shall apply the principles of the Open Method of Coordination and mobilizes these indicators to coordinate and manage its regional public intervention. Then, the NODU indicator within the Écophyto plan is analyzed as an instrument in the service of a new form of agri-environmental public action qualified as bottom public action. It becomes a language of negotiation of a collective action (the 2018 Écophyto plan) and participates also in the transformation of a “sovereign” State to a “regulatory” State
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02599089
Contributor : Migration Irstea Publications <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 1:31:08 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 25, 2020 - 7:06:59 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02599089, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00039538

Citation

Frédéric Zahm. Indicateurs agro-environnementaux pesticides et Plan Écophyto : Outils de pilotage versus instruments de transformation de l’action publique agro-environnementale. Colloque international 2013 de la revue Politique et Management Public (PMP) Les politiques du chiffre. Entre « managérialisation » du politique et politisation du management, Oct 2013, Paris, France. pp.18. ⟨hal-02599089⟩

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