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Very high spatial resolution optical and radar imagery in tracking water level fluctuations of a small inland reservoir

Abstract : Tracking water level fluctuations in small lakes and reservoirs is important in order to better understand and manage these ecosystems. A geographic object-based image analysis (GEOBIA) method using very high spatial and temporal resolution optical (Pléiades) and radar (COSMO-SkyMed and TerraSAR-X) remote sensing imagery is presented here which (1) tracks water level fluctuations via variations in water surface area and (2) avoids common difficulties found in using single-band radar images for water-land image classification. Results are robust, with over 98% of image surface area correctly classified into land or water, R2 = 0.963 and RMSE = 0.42 m for a total water level fluctuation range of 5.94 m. Multispectral optical imagery is found to be more straightforward in producing results than single-band radar imagery, but the latter crucially increase temporal resolution to the point where fluctuations can be satisfactorily tracked in time. Moreover, an analysis suggests that high and medium spatial resolution imagery is sufficient, in at least some cases, in tracking the water level fluctuations of small inland reservoirs. Finally, limitations of the methodology presented here are briefly discussed along with potential solutions to overcome them.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02600900
Contributor : Migration Irstea Publications <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 5:36:44 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 10, 2020 - 10:14:07 AM

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R.N. Simon, T. Tormos, P.A. Danis. Very high spatial resolution optical and radar imagery in tracking water level fluctuations of a small inland reservoir. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Elsevier, 2015, 38, pp.36-39. ⟨10.1016/j.jag.2014.12.007⟩. ⟨hal-02600900⟩

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