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Etude de la contamination en pesticides et en éléments traces métalliques des bassins versants du Trec et de l’Auvézère : application de l’échantillonnage intégratif passif : Rapport final synthèse campagnes 2012-2014

Abstract : Pesticides have become a major component of modern agriculture and are largely use in many urban and domestic activities. These substances are found today in all compartments of the environment, particularly in aquatic environments. The emission and dispersion of active substances and their residues in the aquatic environment is potentially harmful to ecosystems, and their monitoring is then compulsory. The implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires sampling and analysis, combining high sensitivity, accuracy and reliability, and must be easily implemented. Currently, the methodology consists of spot sampling (once a month, usually) of water bodies followed by laboratory analysis. This approach suffers from a lack of time representativeness, coupled to unsatisfactory analytical sensitivity for some substances. Passive sampling techniques developed over the last 20 years could be included in the regulatory monitoring networks in order to overcome these issues, but some questions still remain as to their applicability. This work aimed to develop and apply passive samplers like POCIS and DGT into two watersheds located in Adour-Garonne basin, in order to assess the contribution of these techniques over conventional spot sampling. Especially, a higher knowledge on the type of pressure (e.g. detection frequencies , main substances found in water) and a better understanding of the consequences of the establishment of agri-environmental measures (trend monitoring) are expected. This work has also provided information on the robustness of the data integrated over the time and the fraction sampled by these tools (e.g. labile complex for heavy metals). Finally, we examined the applicability of these tools in the context of the WFD, after setting a confidence interval associated with the time-weighted average concentrations estimates, and then we proposed a decision scheme for the comparison with environmental quality standards.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02602009
Contributor : Migration Irstea Publications <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 7:14:18 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:54:09 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02602009, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00045521

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Nicolas Mazzella, Gaëlle Poulier, S. Lissalde, Annabelle Charriau, R. Buzier, et al.. Etude de la contamination en pesticides et en éléments traces métalliques des bassins versants du Trec et de l’Auvézère : application de l’échantillonnage intégratif passif : Rapport final synthèse campagnes 2012-2014. [Autre] irstea. 2015, pp.136. ⟨hal-02602009⟩

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