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A framework to use crop models for multi-objective constrained optimization of irrigation strategies

Abstract : This paper discusses an innovative framework to use crop models which combines sensitivity analysis, uncertainty analysis and constrained optimisation runs for irrigation optimisation purposes, facing competing constraints on several agricultural variables (e.g. crop yield, total irrigation amount, financial expectations). For simplicity, this ex-post optimisation relies on direct calculations only, exploiting the dispersions on the target variables. The screening of the parameter space for sensitivity analysis yields a reference dispersion which is expectedly reduced by reducing the uncertainties in the sensitive parameters and/or climatic forcings. Additional dispersions are calculated to evaluate if the management controls on irrigation strategies (amounts, triggers, periods) are more influential on model predictions than the remaining uncertainties on the soil, plant, irrigation and climatic inputs, eventually allowing optimisation. As a case study, the Optirrig model is used. A discussion proposes future ways to convert diagnostics into real-time near-optimal decision rules, for example through learning algorithms.
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Bruno Cheviron, R.W. Vervoort, Rami Albasha, Romain Dairon, Camille Le Priol, et al.. A framework to use crop models for multi-objective constrained optimization of irrigation strategies. Environmental Modelling and Software, Elsevier, 2016, 86, pp.145-157. ⟨10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.09.001⟩. ⟨hal-02604719⟩

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