NMR study of fresh cut salads: Influence of temperature and storage time on leaf structure and water distribution in escarole - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry Year : 2019

NMR study of fresh cut salads: Influence of temperature and storage time on leaf structure and water distribution in escarole

Abstract

Consumption of fresh-cut vegetables has rapidly increased over the past decades. Among salads, escarole is one of the most popular varieties. Specific packaging limits gas exchange and consequently water loss and bacterial respiration, increasing the shelf life of salads. Although the major cause of quality loss for minimally processed salads is the leaf textural changes, this aspect has rarely been investigated. Therefore, investigating structural changes of leaves during storage is important in order to understand and minimize quality loss of salads. In this study, we focused on the impact of storage duration and temperature on the escarole leaf structure. The complex leaf structure was investigated by relaxation NMR, via transverse relaxation times, which allows the specific description of vacuolar water compartment of the cell. The storage duration (maximum 12 days) and temperatures (4°C, 7°C, 10°C, and 12°C) have been chosen in order to represent the conditions registered in factory. The results showed that the temperature did not have significant impact on the salad structure during the first week. During the second week, changes in the water distribution and changes in the relaxation time T2 have been observed. The changes in transverse relaxation times associated with vacuolar water are related to lost of cell membrane and wall integrity. The NMR results confirmed the effect of storage temperature on the degradation process of the cell before visual detection of the salad leaf degradation. The present study confirmed the sensibility of NMR relaxometry for monitoring water changes in the leaf. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Dates and versions

hal-02609627 , version 1 (28-08-2023)

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C. Sorin, François Mariette, Maja Musse. NMR study of fresh cut salads: Influence of temperature and storage time on leaf structure and water distribution in escarole. Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, 2019, 57 (1), pp.626-637. ⟨10.1002/mrc.4865⟩. ⟨hal-02609627⟩
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