Estimation of genetic parameters for mid-infrared–predicted lactoferrin and milk fat globule size in Holstein cattle - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Dairy Science Year : 2019

Estimation of genetic parameters for mid-infrared–predicted lactoferrin and milk fat globule size in Holstein cattle

Abstract

Lactoferrin (LF) and milk fat globule (MFG) are 2 biologically active components of milk with great economical and nutritional value in the dairy industry. The objectives of this study were to estimate (1) the heritability of mid-infrared (MIR)-predicted LF and MFG size (MFGS) and (2) the genetic correlations between predicted LF and MFGS with milk, fat, and protein yields, fat and protein percentages, and somatic cell score in first-parity Canadian Holstein cattle. A total of 109,029 test-day records from 22,432 cows and 1,572 farms for MIR-predicted LF and 109,212 test-day records from 22,424 cows and 1,559 farms for MIR-predicted MFGS were used in the analyses. Four separate 5-trait random regression test-day models were used. The models included days in milk, herd test date, and a polynomial regression on DIM nested in age-season of calving classes as fixed effects, random polynomial regressions on DIM nested in herd-year of calving, animal additive genetic and permanent environment classes, and a residual effect. Regression curves were modeled using orthogonal Legendre polynomials of order 4 for the fixed age-season of calving effect and of order 5 for the random effects. Moderate overall heritability estimates of 0.34 and 0.46 were estimated for the MIR-predicted LF and MIR-predicted MFGS, respectively. These heritability estimates were similar to the ones estimated for the direct measure of MFGS in a previous study. The genetic correlations between predicted MFGS and fat percentage (0.53) and between predicted LF and protein percentage (0.41) were both moderate and positive. Predicted LF and somatic cell score showed a weaker correlation (0.06) compared with other studies. The moderate genetic correlation between MIR-predicted MFGS and fat percentage and between MIR-predicted LF and protein percentage suggests that MIR predictions of MFGS and LF are not simply a function of the amount of fat and protein percentage, respectively, in the milk (i.e., the prediction equations are not simply predicting fat or protein percentages). Thus, these MIR-predicted values may provide additional information for selecting for fine milk components in Holstein cattle.
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Dates and versions

hal-02620373 , version 1 (14-03-2022)

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Shadi Nayeri, Flavio S. Schenkel, Pauline Martin, Alison Fleming, Janusz Jamrozik, et al.. Estimation of genetic parameters for mid-infrared–predicted lactoferrin and milk fat globule size in Holstein cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 2019, e103, ⟨10.3168/jds.2019-16850⟩. ⟨hal-02620373⟩
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