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Mating-induced differential peptidomics of neuropeptides and protein hormones in Agrotis ipsilon moths

Abstract : In many insects, mating induces drastic changes in male and female responses to sex pheromones or host-plant odors. In the male moth Agrotis ipsilon, mating induces a transient inhibition of behavioral and neuronal responses to the female sex pheromone. As neuropeptides and peptide hormones regulate most behavioral processes, we hypothesize that they could be involved in this mating-dependent olfactory plasticity. Here we used next-generation RNA sequencing and a combination of liquid chromatography, matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry, and direct tissue profiling to analyze the transcriptome and peptidome of different brain compartments in virgin and mated males and females of A. ipsilon. We identified 37 transcripts encoding putative neuropeptide precursors and 54 putative bioactive neuropeptides from 23 neuropeptide precursors (70 sequences in total, 25 neuropeptide precursors) in different areas of the central nervous system including the antennal lobes, the gnathal ganglion, and the corpora cardiaca-corpora allata complex. Comparisons between virgin and mated males and females revealed tissue-specific differences in peptide composition between sexes and according to physiological state. Mated males showed postmating differences in neuropeptide occurrence, which could participate in the mating-induced olfactory plasticity.
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Max Diesner, Aurore Gallot, Hellena Binz, Cyril Gaertner, Simon Vitecek, et al.. Mating-induced differential peptidomics of neuropeptides and protein hormones in Agrotis ipsilon moths. Journal of Proteome Research, American Chemical Society, 2018, 17 (4), pp.1397-1414. ⟨10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00779⟩. ⟨hal-02621217⟩



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