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Le système agricole et alimentaire de la région Afrique du Nord – Moyen-Orient : une analyse rétrospective (1961-2012)

Abstract : Drawing from the FAO balances of commodities uses and resources from 1961 to 2011, this study shows that the great food dependency of MENA region is explained by the demographic growth, dietary evolution and the simultaneous changes of animal feeding toward imported plant products (cereals and press cakes). These changes imply a six fold increase in regional demand in fifty years. The growth of vegetable domestic production (multiplied by four) is not sufficient to cover this demand, especially regarding cereals. The low performances of regional agricultures are due to natural constraints (scarcity of cultivable land and water), added to defaulting agrarian and agricultural policies. This demand -offer imbalance is filled by a growing recourse to international market, an important factor of vulnerability for the region's food and agricultural system.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02624167
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 10:48:27 AM
Last modification on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 4:31:27 PM

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Pauline Marty, Stéphane Manceron, Chantal Le Mouël, Bertrand Schmitt. Le système agricole et alimentaire de la région Afrique du Nord – Moyen-Orient : une analyse rétrospective (1961-2012). Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, 2017, pp.427-456. ⟨10.3917/reru.173.0427⟩. ⟨hal-02624167⟩

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