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LRP8 is overexpressed in estrogen-negative breast cancers and a potential target for these tumors

Abstract : Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the breast cancer subtype with the worst prognosis. New treatments improving the survival of TNBC patients are, therefore, urgently required. We performed a transcriptome microarray analysis to identify new treatment targets for TNBC. We found that low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 8 (LRP8) was more strongly expressed in estrogen receptor-negative breast tumors, including TNBCs and those overexpressing HER2, than in luminal breast tumors and normal breast tissues. LRP8 depletion decreased cell proliferation more efficiently in estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer cell lines: TNBC and HER2 overexpressing cell lines. We next focused on TNBC cells for which targeted therapies are not available. LRP8 depletion induced an arrest of the cell cycle progression in G1 phase and programmed cell death. We also found that LRP8 is required for anchorage-independent growth in vitro, and that its depletion in vivo slowed tumor growth in a xenograft model. Our findings suggest that new approaches targeting LRP8 may constitute promising treatments for hormone-negative breast cancers, those overexpressing HER2 and TNBCs.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02624466
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 11:49:04 AM
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Virginie Maire, Faisal Mahmood, Guillem Rigaill, Mengliang Ye, Amélie Brisson, et al.. LRP8 is overexpressed in estrogen-negative breast cancers and a potential target for these tumors. Cancer Medicine, Wiley, 2019, 8 (1), pp.325-336. ⟨10.1002/cam4.1923⟩. ⟨hal-02624466⟩

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