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Binder of Sperm Proteins protect ram spermatozoa from freeze-thaw damage

Abstract : Cryopreservation causes sub-lethal damage which limits the fertility of frozen thawed spermatozoa. Seminal plasma has been investigated as a cryoprotectant, but has yielded inconsistent results due to considerable variation in its constituents. Individual seminal plasma proteins offer an ideal alternative to whole seminal plasma, and several have been correlated with freezing success. Binder of Sperm Proteins (BSPs) are abundant ram seminal plasma proteins which have been suggested to have significant protective effects on ram spermatozoa during cold shock. This is in direct opposition to bull spermatozoa, where BSPs cause sperm deterioration during in vitro handling. We investigated the potential of BSP1 and BSP5 to prevent freezing associated damage to important functional parameters of ram spermatozoa. BSPs purified by size exclusion chromatography improved post thaw motility and penetration through artificial mucus. Highly purified BSP1 and BSP5, isolated by gelatin affinity and RP-HPLC, improved motility and membrane integrity, and reduced post thaw protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Exposure to BSP5 before freezing increased the amount of phosphatidylethanolamine on the sperm surface after thawing. Neither BSP1 nor BSP5 prevented freezing associated changes in membrane lipid disorder. These results suggest that BSPs may significantly improve freezing outcomes of ram spermatozoa.
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Taylor Pinia, Kiri Farmer, Xavier Druart, Ana-Paula Teixeira-Gomes, Guillaume Tsikis, et al.. Binder of Sperm Proteins protect ram spermatozoa from freeze-thaw damage. Cryobiology, Elsevier, 2018, 82, pp.78-87. ⟨10.1016/j.cryobiol.2018.04.005⟩. ⟨hal-02625187⟩



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