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Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context

Sophia Ratcliffe 1 Christian Wirth 1, 2, 3 Tommaso Jucker 4, 5 Fons van der Plas 6, 7 Michael Scherer-Lorenzen 8 Kris Verheyen 9 Eric Allan 10 Raquel Benavides 11 Helge Bruelheide 2, 12 Bettina Ohse 1 Alain Paquette 13 Evy Ampoorter 9 Cristina C. Bastias 11 Jürgen Bauhus 14 Damien Bonal 15 Olivier Bouriaud 16 Filippo Bussotti 17 Monique Carnol 18 Bastien Castagneyrol 19 Ewa Chećko Seid Muhie Dawud 20 Hans De Wandeler 21 Timo Domisch 22 Leena Finér 22 Markus Fischer 10 Mariangela Fotelli 23 Arthur Gessler 24 André Granier 15 Charlotte Grossiord 25 Virginie Guyot 19 Josephine Haase 8, 26, 27 Stephan Hättenschwiler 28 Herve Jactel 19 Bogdan Jaroszewicz François-Xavier Joly 28 Stephan Kambach 2, 12, 29 Simon Kolb 30 Julia Koricheva 31 Mario Liebersgesell 1, 2 Harriet Milligan 31 Sandra Müller 8 Bart Muys 21 Diem Nguyen 32, 33 Charles Nock 8, 14 Martina Pollastrini 17 Oliver Purschke 2 Kalliopi Radoglou 34 Karsten Raulund-Rasmussen 35 Fabian Roger 36 Paloma Ruiz-Benito 37 Rupert Seidl 38 Federico Selvi 17 Ian Seiferling 39 Jan Stenlid 32 Fernando Valladares 11 Lars Vesterdal 35 Lander Baeten 9
25 Earth and Environmental Sciences Division [Los Alamos]
LANL - Los Alamos National Laboratory
Abstract : The importance of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem functioning is generally well accepted. However, most evidence comes from small-scale studies, and scaling-up patterns of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (B-EF) remains challenging, in part because the importance of environmental factors in shaping B-EF relations is poorly understood. Using a forest research platform in which 26 ecosystem functions were measured along gradients of tree species richness in six regions across Europe, we investigated the extent and the potential drivers of context dependency of B-EF relations. Despite considerable variation in species richness effects across the continent, we found a tendency for stronger B-EF relations in drier climates as well as in areas with longer growing seasons and more functionally diverse tree species. The importance of water availability in driving context dependency suggests that as water limitation increases under climate change, biodiversity may become even more important to support high levels of functioning in European forests.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 6:04:01 PM
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Sophia Ratcliffe, Christian Wirth, Tommaso Jucker, Fons van der Plas, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, et al.. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context. Ecology Letters, Wiley, 2017, 20 (11), pp.1414-1426. ⟨10.1111/ele.12849⟩. ⟨hal-02626794⟩

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