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Comparative evaluation of DNA extraction methods for amplification by qPCR of superficial vs intracellular DNA from Bacillus spores

Abstract : This study was designed to assess the efficiency of eight extraction methods regarding their ability to release superficial (exogenous) and intracellular (endogenous) DNA from B. cereus spores for subsequent analysis by quantitative PCR(qPCR). B.cereussporesuspensionsweresubjectedtobothcommercialDNAextractionkitsand mechanical DNA extraction methods. The spores were observed by transmission electron microscopy to evaluate any damage caused during extraction. The efficiency of both extraction and purification were assessed using a qPCR assay targeting the bclA gene. Most of the extraction methods assessed, except the passage through the French press or the use of the QIAamp DNA Blood Mini kit without 95 °C treatment, allowed the amplification of significant amounts of DNA. By using propidium monoazide, which is a photoreactive DNA-binding dye, the presence of non-negligible amounts of amplifiable DNA at the spore surface was highlighted. A further set of extraction assays was then performed on spores previously treated with PMA. The results of this study show that both superficial and intracellular spore DNA can be released by extraction methods to a greater or lesser extent and then further amplified by qPCR. The Precellys extraction allowed the detection of both intracellular and superficial DNA, the DNeasy Blood & Tissue kit the specific detection of intracellular DNA, while the Instagene kit detected only superficial DNA. Of the methods tested in this study, the Precellys extraction was the most efficient in terms of further DNA detection. Significance and impact of the study: In order to verify the presence or absence of B. cereus spores in food or on surfaces in the food environment, the use of an efficient extraction method is required, followed by a qPCR analysis on the DNA released. Conversely, in order to quantify the population of Bacillus spores, any superficial DNA must be blocked, e.g. with PMA, prior to intracellular DNA extraction and further amplification.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 7:17:21 PM
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Thomas Brauge, Christine Faille, Gaëlle Inglebert, Thomas Dubois, Paul Morieux, et al.. Comparative evaluation of DNA extraction methods for amplification by qPCR of superficial vs intracellular DNA from Bacillus spores. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Elsevier, 2018, 266, pp.289-294. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2017.12.012⟩. ⟨hal-02627155⟩



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