Rapid quantification and characterization of the pyrolytic lignin fraction of bio-oils by size exclusion chromatography coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering detector (SEC-MALS) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis Year : 2019

Rapid quantification and characterization of the pyrolytic lignin fraction of bio-oils by size exclusion chromatography coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering detector (SEC-MALS)

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Miguel Ruiz
  • Function : Author
Jeremy Valette
  • Function : Author
François Broust

Abstract

A rapid method was developed to characterize the Pyrolytic Lignin (PL) fraction of flash pyrolysis bio-oils, based on size exclusion chromatography (SEC) coupled to differential refractive index (DRI) and multi-angle laser light scattering (MALS) detectors. Two beech wood bio-oils with different PL content were used in the study. The first was produced with a single-stage condensation system (BO), while the second was an organic fraction collected in the first stage of a two-stage condensation system (F1). PL was isolated from both the BO and F1 bio-oils by the water precipitation method. Our results suggested that quantification of the pyrolytic lignin fraction of biooils can be performed by the SEC-MALS-DRI method provided that the specific refractive index increment (dn/ dc) is known, and the integration interval is carefully chosen. Average molar mass (Mn) values for the BO and F1 samples were 580 ± 50 Da and 890 ± 50 Da, respectively. Our results indicated that the condensation system and the water precipitation method affect the average molar mass of isolated PL oligomers.
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Dates and versions

hal-02628384 , version 1 (20-07-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - CC BY 4.0

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Miguel Ruiz, Jeremy Valette, François Broust, Frédéric Bonfils. Rapid quantification and characterization of the pyrolytic lignin fraction of bio-oils by size exclusion chromatography coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering detector (SEC-MALS). Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2019, 142 (104662), pp.1-8. ⟨10.1016/j.jaap.2019.104662⟩. ⟨hal-02628384⟩
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