Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Direct and maternal n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation improved triglyceridemia and glycemia through the regulation of hepatic and muscle sphingolipid synthesis in offspring hamsters fed a high-fat diet

Abstract : We recently reported that direct and maternal supplementation with n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFA) alleviates the metabolic disturbances in adult hamster pups fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). In this study, we hypothesized that these results involved a perinatal modulating effect of sphingolipids by n-3 LC-PUFA. We studied the effect of direct and maternal n-3 LC-PUFA supplementation on sphingolipid contents in liver and muscle, hepatic triglycerides (TG) secretion and glucose tolerance. Offspring male hamsters born from supplemented (C omega) or unsupplemented (C) mothers were subjected after weaning to a HFD during 16 weeks, without (C omega-HF or C-HF) or with direct supplementation with n-3 LC-PUFA (C-HF omega). Direct supplementation decreased sphingosine, sphinganine and ceramides in liver and decreased sphingosine, sphinganine, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and ceramides in muscle in C-HF omega compared to C-HF (p < 0.05). Maternal supplementation decreased C20 ceramide and lactosylceramide in liver and sphinganine, S1P and lactosylceramide in muscle (p < 0.05). This supplementation tended to decrease glucosylceramide in liver (p < 0.06) and muscle (p < 0.07) in C omega-HF compared to C-HF. Direct supplementation increased glucose tolerance and decreased hepatic TG secretion and hepatic gene expression levels of diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2 (DGAT2), sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), fatty acid synthase, stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha). Maternal supplementation decreased basal glycemia and hepatic TG secretion. We observed a positive correlation between hepatic TG secretion and hepatic ceramide (p = 0.0059), and between basal glycemia and hepatic ceramide (p = 0.04) or muscle lactosylceramide contents (p = 0.001). We observed an improvement of lipids and glucose metabolism in hamster with n-3 LC-PUFA direct supplementation and a decrease in glycemia and hepatic TG secretion with maternal supplementation. These results are probably related to a decrease in both lipogenesis and sphingolipid contents in liver and muscle.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02631523
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 8:23:57 AM
Last modification on : Monday, June 21, 2021 - 5:26:02 PM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Fatima Kasbi-Chadli, Véronique Ferchaud‐roucher, Michel Krempf, Khadija Ouguerram. Direct and maternal n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation improved triglyceridemia and glycemia through the regulation of hepatic and muscle sphingolipid synthesis in offspring hamsters fed a high-fat diet. European Journal of Nutrition, Springer Verlag, 2016, 55 (2), pp.589 - 599. ⟨10.1007/s00394-015-0879-0⟩. ⟨hal-02631523⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

30