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Maternal high fat diet induces follicular atresia but does not affect fertility in adult rabbit offspring

Abstract : Alterations to the metabolic environment in utero can have an impact on subsequent female reproductive performance. Here, we used a model of rabbits receiving a high-fat diet (H diet; 7.7% fat and 0.2% cholesterol) or a control diet (C diet; 1.8% fat, no cholesterol) from 10 weeks of age up to mating at 27 weeks and throughout gestation and lactation. At weaning at 5 weeks of age, F1 female offspring were placed on either C or H diet, resulting in a total of four groups C/C, C/H, H/C and H/H diet. Female offspring were mated between 18 and 22 weeks of age and euthanized at 28 days of gestation. A few days before mating and/or just before euthanasia, F1 female rabbits were fasted overnight, weighed, and blood sampled for steroids and biochemistry. Organs were weighed at euthanasia and the ovaries were collected. C/H and H/H F1 offspring had higher cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein plasma concentrations, together with a higher fat mass compared with C/C does, reflecting the effect of the postnatal diet; however, no effect of the antenatal diet was observed on most parameters. The number of primordial, primary and secondary follicles were not different between the groups, but a significantly higher number of atretic follicles was observed in the C/H (P < 0.001) and in the H/C (P < 0.001) compared with control C/C ovaries, demonstrating both an effect of prenatal and postnatal maternal nutrition. These data indicated that both maternal and postnatal high-fat diet may induce follicular apoptosis; however, in this model, the reproduction was not affected.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02633324
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : mercredi 27 mai 2020 - 12:37:46
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 août 2020 - 11:19:05

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Pauline Leveillé, Anne Tarrade, Charlotte Dupont, Thibaut Larcher, Michele Dahirel, et al.. Maternal high fat diet induces follicular atresia but does not affect fertility in adult rabbit offspring. Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease, Cambridge University Press, 2014, 5 (2), pp.88-97. ⟨10.1017/S2040174414000014⟩. ⟨hal-02633324⟩

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