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Total solid content drives hydrogen production through microbial selection during thermophilic fermentation

Abstract : In this study, the effect of total solid content (TS) on thermophilic hydrogen production from wheat straw was investigated. Six TS contents ranging from wet to dry conditions (10-34%TS) were tested in batch tests. A decrease of H₂ yields was observed and three statistical groups were distinguished according to the TS content: wet conditions (10% and 14%TS) with 15.3 ± 1.6 NmlH₂ gTS(-1), intermediate conditions (19%TS) with 6.4 ± 1.0 NmlH₂ gTS(-1) and dry conditions (25-34%TS) with 3.4 ± 0.8 NmlH₂ gTS(-1). Such a decrease in biohydrogen yields was related to a metabolic shift with an accumulation of lactic acid under dry conditions. Concomitantly, a microbial population shift was observed with a dominance of species related to the class Clostridia under wet conditions, and a co-dominance of members of Bacilli, Clostridia classes and Bacteroidetes phylum under dry conditions.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02640079
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 1:43:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 12:08:19 PM

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Jean-Charles Motte, Eric Trably, Jérôme Hamelin, Renaud R. Escudie, Anaïs Bonnafous, et al.. Total solid content drives hydrogen production through microbial selection during thermophilic fermentation. Bioresource Technology, Elsevier, 2014, 166, pp.610-615. ⟨10.1016/j.biortech.2014.05.078⟩. ⟨hal-02640079⟩

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