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Hepatoma-derived growth factor: from the bovine uterus to the in vitro embryo culture

Abstract : Early in cow embryo development, hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is detectable in uterine fluid. The origin of HDGF in maternal tissues is unknown, as is the effect of the induction on developing embryos. Here we analyze HDGF expression in day-8 endometrium exposed to embryos, as well as the effects of recombinant HDGF (rHDGF) on embryo growth. Exposure to embryos did not alter endometrial levels of HDGF mRNA or protein. HDGF protein localized to cell nuclei in the luminal epithelium and superficial glands and to the apical cytoplasm in deep glands. After uterine passage, levels of embryonic HDGF mRNA decreased and HDGF protein was detected only in the trophectoderm. In fetal fibroblast cultures, addition of rHDGF promoted cell proliferation. In experiments with group cultures of morulae in protein free medium containing polyvinyalcohol, adding rHDGF inhibited blastocyst development and did not affect cell counts when the morulae were early (day 5), whereas it enhanced blastocyst development and increased cell counts when the morulae were compact (day 6). In cultures of individual day 6 morulae, adding rHDGF promoted blastocyst development and increased cell counts. Our experiments with rHDGF indicate that the growth factor stimulates embryonic development and cell proliferation. The HDGF is synthesized by the endometrium and embryo alike, and it may exert embryotrophic effects by autocrine and/or paracrine mechanisms.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 3:09:02 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 3:57:40 PM

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Enrique Gómez, Eva Correia, Jose Nestor Caamaño, Carmen Díez, Susana Carrocera, et al.. Hepatoma-derived growth factor: from the bovine uterus to the in vitro embryo culture. Reproduction -Cambridge- Supplement-, Society for Reproduction and Fertility, 2014, 148 (4), pp.353-365. ⟨10.1530/REP-14-0304⟩. ⟨hal-02640603⟩



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