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Conjugation and deconjugation reactions within the fetoplacental compartment in a sheep model: a key factor determining bisphenol A fetal exposure

Abstract : The widespread human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor targeting developmental processes, underlines the need to better understand the mechanisms of fetal exposure. Animal studies have shown that at a late stage of pregnancy BPA is efficiently conjugated by the fetoplacental unit, mainly into BPA-glucuronide (BPA-G), which remains trapped within the fetoplacental unit. Fetal exposure to BPA-G might in turn contribute to in situ exposure to bioactive BPA, following its deconjugation into parent BPA at the level of fetal sensitive tissues. The objectives of our study were 1) to characterize the BPA glucurono- and sulfoconjugation capabilities of the ovine fetal liver at different developmental stages, 2) to compare hepatic conjugation activities in human and sheep, and 3) to evaluate the extent of BPA conjugation and deconjugation processes in placenta and fetal gonads. At an early stage of pregnancy, and despite functional sulfoconjugation activity, ovine fetuses expressed low hepatic BPA conjugation capabilities, suggesting that this stage of development represents a critical window in terms of BPA exposure. Conversely, the late ovine fetus expressed an efficient detoxification system that metabolized BPA into BPA-G. Hepatic glucuronidation activities were quantitatively similar in adult sheep and humans. In placenta, BPA conjugation and BPA-G deconjugation activities were relatively balanced, whereas BPA-G hydrolysis was systematically higher than BPA conjugation in gonads. The possible reactivation of BPA-G into BPA could contribute to an increased exposure of fetal sensitive tissues to bioactive BPA in situ.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02641470
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : jeudi 28 mai 2020 - 17:03:48
Dernière modification le : mardi 25 août 2020 - 17:18:05

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Tanguy Corbel, Elisabeth Perdu, Véronique Gayrard, Sylvie Puel, Marlène Lacroix, et al.. Conjugation and deconjugation reactions within the fetoplacental compartment in a sheep model: a key factor determining bisphenol A fetal exposure. Drug Metabolism and Disposition, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET), 2015, 43 (4), pp.467-76. ⟨10.1124/dmd.114.061291⟩. ⟨hal-02641470⟩

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