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Structure and Property Engineering of alpha-D-Glucans Synthesized by Dextransucrase Mutants

Abstract : Seven dextran types, displaying from 3 to 20% alpha(1 -> 3) glycosidic linkages, were synthesized in vitro from sucrose by mutants of dextransucrase DSR-S from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F, obtained by combinatorial engineering. The structural and physicochemical properties of these original biopolymers were characterized. When asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation coupled with multiangle laser light scattering was used, it was determined that that weight average molar masses and radii of gyration ranged from 0.76 to 6.02 x 10(8) g.mol(-1) and from 55 to 206 nm, respectively. The V-G values reveal that dextrans Gcn6 and Gcn7, which contain 15 and 20% alpha(1 -> 3) linkages, are highly branched and contain long ramifications, while Gcn1 is rather linear with only 3% alpha(1 -> 3) linkages. Others display intermediate molecular structures. Rheological investigation shows that all of these polymers present a classical non-Newtonian pseudoplastic behavior. However,! Gcn_Dv Delta 4N, Gcn2, Gcn3, and Gcn7 form weak gels, while others display a viscoelastic behavior that is typical of entangled polymer solutions. Finally, glass transition temperature T-g was measured by differential scanning calorimetry. Interestingly, the T-g of Gcn1 and Gcn5 are equal to 19.0 and 29.8 degrees C, respectively. Because of this low T-g, these two original dextrans are able to form rubber and flexible films at ambient temperature without any plasticizer addition. The mechanical parameters determined for Gcn1 films from tensile tests are very promising in comparison to the films obtained with other polysaccharides extracted from plants, algae or microbial fermentation. These results lead the way to using these dextrans as innovative biosourced materials.
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Romain Irague, Agnès Rolland-Sabaté, Laurence Tarquis, Jean Louis Doublier, Claire Moulis, et al.. Structure and Property Engineering of alpha-D-Glucans Synthesized by Dextransucrase Mutants. Biomacromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2012, 13 (1), pp.187-195. ⟨10.1021/bm201453r⟩. ⟨hal-02642667⟩



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