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Journal articles

Le secteur laitier français à la croisée des chemins

Abstract : Given the planned abolition of milk quotas in 2015, the French dairy sector is going through a crucial period in its history mingling doubts and hopes. The rapid decline in the number of dairy farms (at 5% per year over the previous decade), the increased price volatility, the negative environmental implications of the intensification, the increasing competition from neighbouring countries (including Germany) cast doubt on the French players as strategies to deploy to prepare effectively the future. The French dairy sector nevertheless has many assets to rebound: a high level of consumption of dairy products per capita per year (also due to an exceptional diversity of processed products); a wide variety of technical models, with an historical adaptation of farms to natural conditions (climate, agronomic potential, etc.); a high potential of production development due to a low population density in many rural areas, the abundance of available forage areas and possible substitutions between agricultural productions; some improvements in scientific knowledge and technological know-how in enterprises; some French firms are leaders at the international level ; a government commitment in favour of new contractual relationships between producers and firms in order to manage supply without the milk quotas system. On the eve of the abolition of milk quotas, the aim of this paper is firstly to propose an analysis of the current economic situation of the French dairy sector (strengths, weaknesses, diversity of models) and, secondly, to examine the conditions of the implementation of the contractualisation system.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 7:21:48 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02643049, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 196314
  • WOS : 000338001400002



Vincent Chatellier, Baptiste Lelyon, Christophe Perrot, Gérard You. Le secteur laitier français à la croisée des chemins. INRA Productions Animales, Paris: INRA, 2013, 26 (2), pp.71-94. ⟨hal-02643049⟩



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