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Cell wall glycosidase activities and protein content variations during fruit development and ripening in three texture contrasted tomato cultivars

Abstract : Excessive softening is the main factor limiting fruit shelf life and storage. It is generally acceptable now that softening of fruit which occurs during the ripening is due to synergistic actions of several enzymes on cell wall polysaccharides. As a subject for this study, we have assayed some glycosidase activities using three tomato species (Lycopersicon esculentum) contrasted for their texture phenotypes; the cherry tomato line Cervil (Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme), a common taste tomato line Levovil (S. lycopersicum Mill.) and VilB a modern line, large, firmer and with good storage capability. Four glycosidase activities namely alpha-galactosidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-mannosidase and beta-glucosidase were extracted from tomato's cell wall of the three species. Cell wall protein from fruits pericarp was extracted and compared among the three cultivars at the following stages; 14 days post anthesis (14DPA) fruit; 21 days post anthesis (21DPA), turning (breaker), red and over ripe. When glycolytic activities were also compared among these cultivars at the precited development stages, gross variations were noticed from stage to stage and also from species to species in accordance with the fruit firmness status. Interestingly, VilB cultivar, the firmer among the other two, though possessed the highest total protein content, exhibited the lowest enzymatic activities. Taken together, these results may therefore allow us to conclude that studies of glycolytic activities in a single tomato cultivar cannot be generalized to all species. On the other hand, relating fruit development to glycosidase activities should logically be coupled to these enzymes from cell wall compartment. (c) 2012 King Saud University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 7:45:35 PM
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Emadeldin Konozy, Mathilde Causse, Mireille Faurobert. Cell wall glycosidase activities and protein content variations during fruit development and ripening in three texture contrasted tomato cultivars. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 2012, 19 (3), pp.277 - 283. ⟨10.1016/j.sjbs.2012.04.006⟩. ⟨hal-02643243⟩

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