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Factors and processes of permanent gully evolution in a Mediterranean marly environment (Cape Bon, Tunisia)

Abstract : Gully erosion is considered to be one of the most important soil erosion processes in Mediterranean marly environments, but its actual contribution to total soil loss is still under discussion. The objectives of this paper are: (a) to acquire the distributed value of erosion rate in a permanent gully developed on a marly substratum in a Mediterranean environment; and (b) to quantify the key factors responsible for the spatial and temporal differences in erosion rates observed within the gully. A permanent gully located in Cap Bon (northeastern Tunisia) has been intensively and regularly monitored over a 7-year period with electronic survey equipment (total station) to give five field topographic surveys, as well as hydrological measurements at the gully outlet. The net soil loss for the 7-year period comprised a denudation of 51 m(3) of sediment on the gully bank slopes, which corresponds to a mean soil loss of 61 m(3) ha(-1) year(-1) or 6.1 mm year(-1). Denudation was observed on bed units with a slope gradient greater than 20%, while the remainder showed deposition. By confirming the factors involved in gully evolution, and by refining the statistical link between factors and erosion rates within the gully, the results provide important information to predict gully erosion rates in Mediterranean marly environments.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 12:09:09 AM
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A. El Khalili, Damien Raclot, H. Habaeib, Jean-Marie Lamachère. Factors and processes of permanent gully evolution in a Mediterranean marly environment (Cape Bon, Tunisia). Hydrological Sciences Journal, Taylor & Francis, 2013, 58 (7), pp.1519 - 1531. ⟨10.1080/02626667.2013.824086⟩. ⟨hal-02645036⟩



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