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Brachypodium distachyon grain: characterization of endosperm cell walls

Abstract : The wild grass Brachypodium distachyon has been proposed as an alternative model species for temperate cereals. The present paper reports on the characterization of B. distachyon grain, placing emphasis on endosperm cell walls. Brachypodium distachyon is notable for its high cell wall polysaccharide content that accounts for approximately 52% (w/w) of the endosperm in comparison with 2-7% (w/w) in other cereals. Starch, the typical storage polysaccharide, is low [<10% (w/w)] in the endosperm where the main polysaccharide is (1-3) (1-4)-beta-glucan [40% (w/w) of the endosperm], which in all likelihood plays a role as a storage compound. In addition to (1-3) (1-4)-beta-glucan, endosperm cells contain cellulose and xylan in significant amounts. Interestingly, the ratio of ferulic acid to arabinoxylan is higher in B. distachyon grain than in other investigated cereals. Feruloylated arabinoxylan is mainly found in the middle lamella and cell junction zones of the storage endosperm, suggesting a potential role in cell-cell adhesion. The present results indicate that B. distachyon grains contain all the cell wall polysaccharides encountered in other cereal grains. Thus, due to its fully sequenced genome, its short life cycle, and the genetic tools available for mutagenesis/transformation, B. distachyon is a good model to investigate cell wall polysaccharide synthesis and function in cereal grains
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Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 6:54:36 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 22, 2021 - 1:46:04 PM

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Fabienne Guillon, Brigitte Bouchet, Frederic Jamme, Paul Robert, Bernard Quemener, et al.. Brachypodium distachyon grain: characterization of endosperm cell walls. Journal of Experimental Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2011, 62 (3), pp.1001-1015. ⟨10.1093/jxb/erq332⟩. ⟨hal-02647331⟩



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