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Glutamate and CO2 production from glutamine in incubated enterocytes of adult and very old rats

Abstract : Glutamine is the major fuel for enterocytes and promotes the growth of intestinal mucosa. Although oral glutamine exerts a positive effect on intestinal villus height in very old rats, how glutamine is used by enterocytes is unclear. Adult (8 months) and very old (27 months) female rats were exposed to intermittent glutamine supplementation for 50% of their age lifetime. Treated rats received glutamine added to their drinking water, and control rats received water alone. Jejunal epithelial cells (similar to 300x10(6) cells) were incubated in oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer for 30 min containing [1-C-13] glutamine (similar to 17 M) for analysis of glutamine metabolites by C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (C-13 NMR). An aliquot fraction was incubated in the presence of [U-C-14] glutamine to measure produced CO2. Glutamine pretreatment increased glutamate production and decreased CO2 production in very old rats. The ratio CO2/glutamate, which was very high in control very old rats, was similar at both ages after glutamine pretreatment, as if enterocytes from very old rats recovered the metabolic abilities of enterocytes from adult rats. Our results suggest that long-term treatment with glutamine started before advanced age (a) prevented the loss of rat body weight without limiting sarcopenia and (b) had a beneficial effect on enterocytes from very old rats probably by favoring the role of glutamate as a precursor for glutathione, arginine and proline biosynthesis, which was not detected in 13C NMR spectra in our experimental conditions
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Dominique Meynial-Denis, Guy Bielicki, Anne-Marie Beaufrère, Michelle Mignon, Philippe Patureau Mirand, et al.. Glutamate and CO2 production from glutamine in incubated enterocytes of adult and very old rats. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, Elsevier, 2013, 24 (4), pp.688-692. ⟨10.1016/j.jnutbio.2012.03.019⟩. ⟨hal-02651144⟩



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