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Effects of surplus dietary L-tryptophan on stress, immunology, behavior, and nitrogen retention in endotoxemic pigs

Abstract : The possible beneficial effects of surplus dietary Trp (+5 g of Trp/kg of diet) on factors related to stress, immunology, behavior, and N retention were investigated in postweaning piglets (approximately 15 kg of BW) challenged for 10 d with intravenous bacterial lipopolysaccharide (from Escherichia coli). Two diets fed restrictively (732 kJ of NE/kg of BW0.75/d) were compared, 1) a basal diet (apparent ileal digestible Trp = 1.9 g/kg; the recommended amount of Trp to warrant near-optimal growth in nonendotoxemic piglets), and 2) a Trp-enriched basal diet (+5 g of free l-Trp/kg), with 8 individually housed piglets per diet. Pooled salivary cortisol, but not plasma cortisol sampled at euthanasia, showed a tendency (P = 0.07) toward reduced concentrations in the Trp group (1.1 vs. 1.4 ng/mL; pooled SE = 0.1 ng/mL). Plasma C-reactive protein was reduced (P = 0.04) in the Trp group (0.9 vs. 5.0 mg/L; pooled SE = 1.3 mg/L), but haptoglobin, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α, and lipopolysaccharide-induced fever were similar between the 2 dietary treatments. Physical activity related to approaching a human showed a tendency (P = 0.08) toward increased latency time in the Trp group (101 vs. 60 s; pooled SE = 16 s), but the times spent standing, sitting, and lying were similar between dietary treatments. The ADFI, ADG (346 vs. 302 g/d; pooled SE = 14 g/d; P = 0.11), body N retention (11.6 vs. 11.0 g/d; pooled SE = 0.2 g/d; P = 0.18), and G:F (0.55 vs. 0.49; pooled SE = 0.03; P = 0.17) were not different between the groups fed Trp and the basal diet. In conclusion, surplus dietary Trp had limited effects on stress, immunology, behavior, and N retention in a pig model of systemic endotoxemia.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 8:09:36 PM
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S.J. Koopmans, F.J. van der Staay, Nathalie Le Floc'H, R. Dekker, J.T.M. van Diepen, et al.. Effects of surplus dietary L-tryptophan on stress, immunology, behavior, and nitrogen retention in endotoxemic pigs. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2012, 90 (1), pp.241-251. ⟨10.2527/jas.2010-3372⟩. ⟨hal-02652750⟩

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