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Le découplage et les droits à paiement unique dans les exploitations laitières et bovins-viande en France

Abstract : The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform, decided by the European Council in June 2003, modifies the way Community authorities support agriculture. In France, the implementation of the single payment (in substitution of a part of the compensatory payments allocated historically on the basis of the production factors) constitutes a significant break, in particular in the bovine sector (milk, beef and veal). The aim of the paper is to evaluate the consequences of this CAP reform on the evolution (2003-2007) of the direct subsidies (and of the single payment) for different categories of French bovine farms. The simulation, carried on the basis of individual data of the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN, 2003), takes into account assumptions of labour productivity increase and two options of decoupling: partial (according to the method applied in France) and total (as Community legislation allows it). Starting from the simulated state, the possibilities offered to the Member States to redistribute the direct supports are discussed. The major outcomes are the following: the income of the very large majority of bovine farms will strongly depend on the direct supports at the end of the reform; the modulation device will concern more than 95% of the bovine farms; the amount of the single payment (per farm, per hectare or by economic results) will strongly vary according to the size of the farm, its historical productive system and its intensification level; the principle of the “regionalization” of the single payment (articles n°58 and 59 of European Council regulation n°1782) led, in each administrative area, to a transfer of direct supports from most intensive units towards most extensive ones, but does not allow, like the article n°69, a redistribution of funds between administrative areas.
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Vincent Chatellier. Le découplage et les droits à paiement unique dans les exploitations laitières et bovins-viande en France. Cahiers d'économie et sociologie rurales, 2006, pp.54-80. ⟨hal-02655791⟩

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