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Branching features of amylopectins and glycogen determined by asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation coupled with multiangle laser light scattering

Abstract : The aim of this work was to characterize starch polysaccharides using asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation coupled with multiangle laser light scattering. Amylopectins from eight different botanical sources and rabbit liver glycogen were studied. Amylopectins and glycogen were completely solubilized and analyzed, and high mass recoveries were achieved (81.7-100.0%). Amylopectin (M) over bar (W), (R) over bar (G), and the hydrodynamic coefficient nu(G) (the slope of the log-log plot of R-Gi vs M-i) were within the ranges 1.05-3.18 x 10(8) g mol(-1), 163-229 nm, 0.370.49, respectively. The data were also considered in terms of structural parameters. The results were analyzed by comparison with the theory of hyperbranched polymers (Flory, P. J. Principles of Polymer Chemistry; Cornell University Press: Ithaca, NY, 1953; Burchard, W. Macromolecules, 1977, 10, 919-927). This theory, based upon the ABC model, has been shown to underestimate the branching degrees of amylopec! tins. However, quantitative agreement with the data in the literature was found for amylopectins when using the ABC model modified by the introduction of a multiplying factor, determined from previously described amylopectin structures in terms of the number of branching point calculations.
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Agnès Rolland-Sabaté, Paul Colonna, Maria Guadalupe Mendez-Montealvo, Veronique Planchot. Branching features of amylopectins and glycogen determined by asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation coupled with multiangle laser light scattering. Biomacromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2007, 8 (2), pp.2520-2532. ⟨10.1021/bm070024z⟩. ⟨hal-02658467⟩

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