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Functional dissection of YabA, a negative regulator of DNA replication initiation in Bacillus subtilis

Abstract : The regulation of initiation of DNA replication is crucial to ensure that the genome is replicated only once per cell cycle. In the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis, the function of the YabA protein in initiation control was assigned based on its interaction with the DnaA initiator and the DnaN sliding clamp in the yeast two-hybrid and on the overinitiation phenotype observed in a yabA null strain. However, YabA is unrelated to known regulators of initiation and interacts with several additional proteins that could also be involved directly or not in initiation control. Here, we investigated the specific role of YabA interactions with DnaA and DnaN in initiation control by identifying single amino acid changes in YabA that disrupted solely the interaction with DnaA or DnaN. These disruptive mutations delineated specific interacting surfaces involving a Zn2+-cluster structure in YabA. In B. subtilis, these YabA interaction mutations abolished both initiation control and the formation of YabA foci at the replication factory. Upon coexpression of deficient YabA mutants, mixed oligomers formed foci at the replisome and restored initiation control, indicating that YabA acts within a heterocomplex with DnaA and DnaN. In agreement, purified YabA oligomerized and formed complexes with DnaA and DnaN. These findings underscore the functional association of YabA with the replication machinery, indicating that YabA regulates initiation through coupling with the elongation of replication.
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Marie Francoise Noirot-Gros, Marion Velten, M. Yoshimura, S. Mac Govern, T. Morimoto, et al.. Functional dissection of YabA, a negative regulator of DNA replication initiation in Bacillus subtilis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 2006, 103 (7), pp.2368-2373. ⟨10.1073/pnas.0506914103⟩. ⟨hal-02661133⟩



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