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Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) : A new marker of canine monocytes-derived dendritic cells (cMo-DC)

Abstract : Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a family of functionally important receptors for recognition of pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) since they trigger the pro-inflammatory response and upregulation of costimulatory molecules, linking the rapid innate response to adaptative immunity. In human leukocytes, TLR3 has been found to be specifically expressed in dendritic cells (DC). This study examined the expression of TLR3 in canine monocytes-derived DC (cMo-DC) and PBMC using three new anti-TLR3 mAbs (619F7, 722E2 and 713E4 clones). The non-adherent cMo-DC generated after culture in canine IL-4 plus canine GMCSF were labelled with the three anti-TLR3 clones by flow cytometry, with a strong expression shown for 619F7 and 722E2 clones. By contrast, TLR3 expression was low to moderate in canine monocytes and lymphocytes. These results were confirmed by Western blot using 619F7 and 722E2 clones and several polypeptide bands were observed, suggesting a possible cleavage of TLR3 molecule or different glycosylation states. In addition, TLR3 was detectable in immunocytochemistry by using 722E2 clone. In conclusion, this first approach to study canine TLR3 protein expression shows that three anti-TLR3 clones detect canine TLR3 and can be used to better characterize canine DC and the immune system of dogs.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 10:07:05 PM
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Catherine Bonnefont-Rebeix, Thierry Marchal, Janine Bernaud, Jean-Jacques Pin, Caroline Leroux, et al.. Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) : A new marker of canine monocytes-derived dendritic cells (cMo-DC). Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Elsevier, 2007, 118 (1-2), pp.134-139. ⟨10.1016/j.vetimm.2007.04.008⟩. ⟨hal-02661340⟩



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