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Glutathionylation induces the dissociation of 1-Cys D-peroxiredoxin non-covalent homodimer

Abstract : 1-Cys peroxiredoxins (1-Cys Prxs) are antioxidant enzymes that catalyze the reduction of hydroperoxides into alcohols using a strictly conserved cysteine. 1-Cys B-Prxs, homologous to human PrxVI, were recently shown to be reactivated by glutathione S-transferase (GST) {pi} via the formation of a GST-Prx heterodimer and Prx glutathionylation. In contrast, 1-Cys D-Prxs, homologous to human PrxV, are reactivated by the glutaredoxin-glutathione system through an unknown mechanism. To investigate the mechanistic events that mediate the 1-Cys D-Prx regeneration, interaction of the Prx with glutathione was studied by mass spectrometry and NMR. This work reveals that the Prx can be glutathionylated on its active site cysteine. Evidences are reported that the glutathionylation of 1-Cys D-Prx induces the dissociation of the Prx non-covalent homodimer, which can be recovered by reduction with dithiothreitol. This work demonstrates for the first time the existence of a redox-dependent dimer-monomer switch in the Prx family, similar to the decamer-dimer switch for the 2-Cys Prxs.
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Valérie Noguera-Mazon, Jérôme Lemoine, Olivier Walker, Nicolas Rouhier, Arnaud Salvador, et al.. Glutathionylation induces the dissociation of 1-Cys D-peroxiredoxin non-covalent homodimer. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2006, 381 (42), pp.31736-31742. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M602188200⟩. ⟨hal-02661917⟩

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