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The nuclear localization of WAP and CSN genes is modified by lactogenic hormones in HC11 cells

Abstract : Whey acidic protein (WAP) and casein (CSN) genes are among the most highly expressed milk protein genes in the mammary gland of the lactating mouse. Their tissue-specific regulation depends on the activation and recruitment of transcription factors, and chromatin modifications in response to hormonal stimulation. We have investigated if another mechanism, such as specific positioning of the genes in the nucleus, could be involved in their functional regulation. Fluorescent in situ hybridization was used to study the nuclear localization of WAP and CSN genes in mouse mammary epithelial cells (HC11) cultured in the absence and presence of lactogenic hormones. Automatic 3D image processing and analysis tools were developed to score gene positions. In the absence of lactogenic hormones, both genes are distributed non-uniformly within the nucleus: the CSN locus was located close to the nuclear periphery and the WAP gene tended to be central. Stimulation by lactogenic hormones induced a statistically significant change to their distance from the periphery, which has been described as a repressive compartment. The detection of genes in combination with the corresponding chromosome-specific probe revealed that the CSN locus is relocated outside its chromosome territory following hormonal stimulation, whereas the WAP gene, which is already sited more frequently outside its chromosome territory in the absence of hormones, is not affected. We conclude that milk protein genes are subject to nuclear repositioning when activated, in agreement with a role for nuclear architecture in gene regulation, but that they behave differently as a function of their chromosomal context.
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Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 3:05:02 AM
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Maria Ballester, Clémence Kress, Catherine Hue-Beauvais, Kiên Kiêu, Gaetan Lehmann, et al.. The nuclear localization of WAP and CSN genes is modified by lactogenic hormones in HC11 cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Wiley, 2008, 105 (1), pp.262-270. ⟨10.1002/jcb.21823⟩. ⟨hal-02663556⟩



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