Stimulation of the grape berry expansion by ethylene and effects on related gene transcripts, over the ripening phase - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Physiologia Plantarum Year : 2008

Stimulation of the grape berry expansion by ethylene and effects on related gene transcripts, over the ripening phase

Abstract

Grape is considered as a non-climacteric fruit, the maturation of which is independent of ethylene. However, previous work had shown that ethylene is capable of affecting the physiological processes during maturation of grape berries. Experiments were designed to screen the gene pool affected by ethylene at the ripening inception in Cabernet Sauvignon berries. The results showed that only 73 of 14 562 genes of microarray slides were significantly modulated by a 24-h ethylene treatment (4 mu l l(-1)), performed 8 weeks after flowering. The study then focused on accumulation of several mRNAs affected by ethylene in relation to the berry size. Indeed, we observed that ethylene application at veraison led to a berry diameter increase. This increase is mainly because of sap intake and cell wall modifications, enabling cell elongation. This was related to changes in the expression pattern of many genes, classified in two groups: (1) 'water exchange' genes: various aquaporins (AQUA) and (2) 'cell wall structure' genes: polygalacturonases, xyloglucan endotransglucosylases (XTH), pectin methyl esterases, cellulose synthases and expansins. The expression patterns were followed either along berry development or in three berry tissues (peel, pulp and seeds). Ethylene stimulates the accumulation of most gene transcripts in 1 h, and in several parts of the berry, this stimulation may last for 24 h in some cases. One XTH and one AQUA seem to be good candidates to explain the ethylene-induced berry expansion. This work brings more clues about the ethylene involvement in the development and ripening of grape berries

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Vegetal Biology
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Dates and versions

hal-02663626 , version 1 (06-11-2023)

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Cite

Christian Chervin, Arack Tira-Umphom, Nancy N. Terrier, Mohamed Zouine, Dany Severac, et al.. Stimulation of the grape berry expansion by ethylene and effects on related gene transcripts, over the ripening phase. Physiologia Plantarum, 2008, 134 (3), pp.534-546. ⟨10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01158.x⟩. ⟨hal-02663626⟩
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