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Function and stress tolerance of seed mitochondria

Abstract : Seeds of higher plant are desiccation tolerant, which suggests that their mitochondria exhibit particular properties. Insight into the function of seed mitochondria, especially in legume and model plants, has been fostered by the development of proteomics. Seed mitochondria are functional at the onset of imbibition, and their integrity and performance systematically improves during germination. This suggests that repair and biogenesis mechanisms exist, and this is supported by morphological and biochemical evidence. Seed mitochondria generate and operate in a hypoxic environment. They accumulate stress proteins, such as a small heat-shock protein and a late embryogenesis abundant protein. The mitochondria of pea (Pisum sativum L.) seed also display a biased phospholipid composition likely to favour desiccation tolerance. These specific biochemical properties surely contribute to the remarkable tolerance of seed mitochondria to extreme temperatures. Recent progress towards the resolution of the seed mitochondrial proteome is discussed in light of the growing body of genomic data
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David Macherel, Abdelilah Benamar, Marie-Hélène Avelange-Macherel, Dimitri Tolleter. Function and stress tolerance of seed mitochondria. Physiologia Plantarum, Wiley, 2007, 129 (1), pp.233-241. ⟨10.1111/j.1399-3054.2006.00807.x⟩. ⟨hal-02664308⟩

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