Quel prix les habitants d'une région périurbaine payent-ils pour voir des paysages "verts" près de chez eux ? - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Cahiers Agricultures Year : 2009

How much do peri-urban inhabitants pay to see “green” landscapes in their vicinity?

Quel prix les habitants d'une région périurbaine payent-ils pour voir des paysages "verts" près de chez eux ?

Abstract

We estimate the price of landscape attributes in the urban fringe of Dijon (France). Landscapes as seen from the ground are analyzed from satellite images and from a digital elevation model developed from a geographic method using geographical information systems. An econometric model uses the hedonic pricing method, derived from the sales of 2,667 houses, to assess the landscape attributes identified by the geographical model. The results show that households are ’short-sighted’: in this region, landscapes and visible features more than 100-200 m away all have insignificant hedonic prices. In the peri-urban belt, forests and farmland in the immediate vicinity of houses have positive prices and roads a negative price when these features can be seen, while their prices are lower when they cannot be seen. The arrangement of features in complex or fragmented landscapes commands a positive hedonic price. The results show that the productive function of agriculture and forestry is in contradiction with its scenic function, and that public policies directed at landscape maintenance should take the precise location into account with reference to the urban system. We estimate the price of landscape attributes in the urban fringe of Dijon (France). Landscapes as seen from the ground are analyzed from satellite images and from a digital elevation model developed from a geographic method using geographical information systems. An econometric model uses the hedonic pricing method, derived from the sales of 2,667 houses, to assess the landscape attributes identified by the geographical model. The results show that households are ’short-sighted’: in this region, landscapes and visible features more than 100-200 m away all have insignificant hedonic prices. In the peri-urban belt, forests and farmland in the immediate vicinity of houses have positive prices and roads a negative price when these features can be seen, while their prices are lower when they cannot be seen. The arrangement of features in complex or fragmented landscapes commands a positive hedonic price. The results show that the productive function of agriculture and forestry is in contradiction with its scenic function, and that public policies directed at landscape maintenance should take the precise location into account with reference to the urban system. We estimate the price of landscape attributes in the urban fringe of Dijon (France). Landscapes as seen from the ground are analyzed from satellite images and from a digital elevation model developed from a geographic method using geographical information systems. An econometric model uses the hedonic pricing method, derived from the sales of 2,667 houses, to assess the landscape attributes identified by the geographical model. The results show that households are ’short-sighted’: in this region, landscapes and visible features more than 100-200 m away all have insignificant hedonic prices. In the peri-urban belt, forests and farmland in the immediate vicinity of houses have positive prices and roads a negative price when these features can be seen, while their prices are lower when they cannot be seen. The arrangement of features in complex or fragmented landscapes commands a positive hedonic price. The results show that the productive function of agriculture and forestry is in contradiction with its scenic function, and that public policies directed at landscape maintenance should take the precise location into account with reference to the urban system.
L’objectif de cet article est d’estimer le prix d’attributs paysagers dans la région de Dijon. À partir d’images satellites et d’un modèle numérique de terrain, une méthode de géographie quantitative développée à partir de systèmes d’information géographique (SIG) permet de « mesurer » les paysages vus depuis le sol à travers une batterie d’indices. Sur la base de 2667 transactions immobilières, un modèle économétrique utilisant la méthode des prix hédonistes permet d’estimer les prix des attributs paysagers ainsi quantifiés. Les résultats montrent, tout d’abord, que dans cette région les ménages sont « myopes » : le prix de paysages vus au-delà d’une ou deux centaines de mètres n’est pas significativement différent de zéro. Dans la ceinture périurbaine et à proximité des habitations, les couverts arborés et agricoles ont des prix positifs, et les routes des prix négatifs lorsqu’ils sont vus depuis les maisons, mais ces prix sont plus faibles lorsque ces attributs ne sont pas vus. L’agencement des objets dans des compositions paysagères aux formes complexes (fragmentation, mosaïque, etc.) a également un prix positif. Il ressort de ces résultats que la fonction productive de l’agriculture et de la forêt est en conflit avec leur fonction paysagère, et que les politiques publiques visant à l’entretien des paysages doivent être différenciées selon la localisation par rapport aux villages et à l’habitat.

Dates and versions

hal-02665187 , version 1 (31-05-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Jean Cavailhès, Thierry Brossard, Jean-Christophe Foltête, Mohamed Hilal, Daniel Joly, et al.. Quel prix les habitants d'une région périurbaine payent-ils pour voir des paysages "verts" près de chez eux ?. Cahiers Agricultures, 2009, 18 (1), pp.56-62. ⟨10.1684/agr.2009.0268⟩. ⟨hal-02665187⟩
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