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New insights into the dual recruitment of IgA(+) B cells in the developing mammary gland

Abstract : In monogastric mammals, transfer of passive immunity via milk and colostrum plays an important role in protecting the neonate against mucosal infections. Here we analyzed the hypothesis that during gestation/lactation IgA(+) plasmablasts leave the intestinal and respiratory surfaces towards the mammary gland (MG). We compared the recruitment of lymphocytes expressing homing receptors alpha 4 beta 1 and alpha 4 beta 7 to expression of their vascular counter-receptors, VCAM-1 and MAdCAM-1. Furthermore, the expression of the chemokines responsible for the recruitment of IgA(+) plasmablasts was analyzed. Data confirmed that expressions of CCL28 and MAdCAM-1 in the MG increased during pregnancy and alpha 4 beta 1(+) and alpha 4 beta 7(+)/IgA(+) cell recruitment in lactation correlated with increase of CCL28 expression. Interestingly, VCAM-1 expression was found in small blood vessels of the lactating porcine MG, while in mice VCAM-1 was expressed in large blood vessels within the MG. Thus, our results indicate that the recruitment of IgA(+) plasmablasts to MG is mediated by VCAM-1/alpha 4 beta 1 and MAdCAM-1/alpha 4 beta 7 in conjunction with CCL28/CCR10. They support the existence of a functional link between entero- and upper respiratory surfaces and MG, thereby, conferring protection against aero-digestive pathogens in the newborn. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Dorothée Bourges, Francois Meurens, Mustapha Berri, Claire Chevaleyre, Galliano Zanello, et al.. New insights into the dual recruitment of IgA(+) B cells in the developing mammary gland. Molecular Immunology, Elsevier, 2008, 45 (12), pp.3354-3362. ⟨10.1016/j.molimm.2008.04.017⟩. ⟨hal-02666322⟩

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