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Field and microcosm experiments to evaluate the effects of agricultural copper treatment on the density and genetic structure of microbial communities in two different soils

Abstract : The effects of Cu amendment on indigenous soil microorganisms were investigated in two soils, a calcareous silty clay (Ep) and a sandy soil (Au), by means of a 1-year field experiment and a two-month microcosm incubation. Cu was added as 'Bordeaux mixture' [CuSO4, Ca(OH)2] at the standard rate used in viticulture (B1=16 kg Cu kg−1 soil) and at a higher level of contamination (B3=48 kg Cu ha−1 soil). More extractable Cu was observed in sandy soil (Au) than in silty soil (Ep). Furthermore, total Cu and Cu-EDTA declined with time in Au soil, whereas they remained stable in Ep soil. Quantitative modifications of the microflora were assessed by C-biomass measurements and qualitative modifications were assessed by the characterization of the genetic structure of bacterial and fungal communities from DNA directly extracted from the soil, using B- and F-ARISA (bacterial and fungal automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis). In the field study, no significant modifications were observed in C-biomass whereas microcosm incubation showed a decrease in B3 contamination only. ARISA fingerprinting showed slight but significant modifications of bacterial and fungal communities in field and microcosm incubation. These modifications were transient in all cases, suggesting a short-term effect of Cu stress. Microcosm experiments detected the microbial community modifications with greater precision in the short-term, while field experiments showed that the biological effects of Cu contamination may be overcome or hidden by pedo-climatic variations.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 8:32:12 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 13, 2021 - 3:30:40 AM

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Lionel Ranjard, Abdelwahad Echairi, Virginie Nowak, David Lejon, Rachida Nouaim, et al.. Field and microcosm experiments to evaluate the effects of agricultural copper treatment on the density and genetic structure of microbial communities in two different soils. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2006, 58 (2), pp.303-315. ⟨10.1111/j.1574-6941.2006.00157.x⟩. ⟨hal-02666331⟩

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